Flashcards in Nerves and vessels of the lower limb Deck (26)
How many sacral nerves are there?
How many coccygeal nerves are there?
Which spinal nerves supply each of the following:
Upper Limb: C5-T1
Lower Limb: L2-S3
Which muscles does the superior gluteal nerve innervate?
Tensor fasciae latae
The femoral nerve innervates all the muscles in the anterior compartment of the thigh. Which extra spinal root contributes to the innervation of iliopsoas?
Which nerve roots are responsible for:
Toe Extension: L5S1
Toe Flexion: S12
What nerve supplies sensory innervation to most of the posterior of the thigh?
Posterior cutaneous nerve of the thigh
Which two spinal nerve roots are responsible for sensory innervation of most of the posterior side of the lower limb?
S1 and S2
What are autonomous sensory zones?
Regions where you can be confident of the spinal root affected if there is any abnormal sensation in those regions
Which part of the lower limb does the obturator nerve supply sensory innervation to?
Inner part of the thigh
Which part of the leg does the saphenous nerve provide sensory innervation to?
Medial part of the leg
Which nerve provides sensory innervation to most of the dorsum of the foot?
Superficial peroneal nerve
Where can the common peroneal nerve be damaged easily?
At the neck of the fibula
What are the consequences of damage to the common peroneal nerve?
Loss of sensation to the dorsum of the foot at least
No change in reflexes or autonomic function
Describe the position of the posterior tibial artery relative to the medial malleolus.
It is posterior to the medial malleolus
Where can the dorsalis pedis pulse be felt?
Just lateral to the extensor hallucis longus tendon
Where can the posterior tibial artery pulse be felt?
Just posterior to the medial malleolus
What is cut-down and when it is performed?
It is an emergency procedure to gain access to the veins of a patient in shock
Where is the incision made in cut-down?
2 cm lateral and proximal to the medial malleolus
What is intermittent claudication?
Muscle pain induced by exercise and relieved by rest, that is caused by inadequate blood supply to the affected muscles (associated with arterial disease)
What is compartment syndrome?
Ischaemia caused by trauma-induced increased in pressure in a confined limb compartment
What is the normal pressure in muscle compartments?
25 mm Hg
What pressure is required to collapse vessels?
50-60 mm Hg
What are the causes of acute and chronic compartment syndrome?
Acute – trauma-associated
Chronic – exercise-induced
What is the treatment of acute compartment syndrome?