Nervous System - Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Nervous System - Vocabulary Deck (41)
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1

acetylcholine (ACh)

Cholinergic neurotransmitter

2

amnesia

condition of lack of memory

3

amyotrophic lateral schlerosis (ALS)

muscular weakness, atrophy, with spasticity caused by degeneration of motor neurons of the spinal cord, medulla, and cortex; also known as Lou Gehrig's disease.

4

anencephaly

congenital condition in which there is a lack of development in the brain

5

aphagia

lack of ability to eat or swallow

6

apraxia

lack of ability to use objects properly; inability to perform motor tasks or ADL's

7

asthenia

loss or lack of strength

8

ataxia

lack of order; lack of coordination of muscle movement

9

bradykinesia

abnormal slowness of motion

10

cephalalgia

headache

11

cerebral palsy (CP)

disorder of movement and posture

12

concussion

head injury with a transient loss of brain function

13

craniectomy

surgical excision of a portion of the skull

14

dyslexia

condition in which an individual has difficulty in reading and comprehending written language

15

encephalitis

inflammation of the brain

16

endorphins

chemical substances produced in the brain that act as natural analgesics and provide feelings of pleasure

17

hemiparesis

weakness on one side of the body

18

hemiplegia

paralysis of one half of the body when its divided along the median sagittal plane

19

quadriplegia

complete paralysis of the upper extremities and lower part of the body.

20

paraplegia

paralysis of the lower part of the body

21

hydrocephalus

condition in which there is an increased amount of cerebrospinal fluid within the brain

22

hypnosis

artificially induced trancelike state

23

meningitis

inflammation of the meninges of the spinal cord or brain.

24

narcolepsy

chronic condition with recurrent attacks of uncontrollable drowsiness and sleep

25

neuralgia

pain in a nerve

26

neurilemma

thin membranous sheath that envelops a nerve fiber; also called the sheath of Schwann or neurolemma

27

neuroglia

supporting or connective tissue cells of the central nervous system

28

neurotransmitter

chemical substances such as dopamine and acetylcholine transmitted across a synapse that transmits a signal between two neurons

29

oligodendroglioma

malignant tumor derived and composed of oligodendroglioma

30

Parkinson's Disease

progressive neurological disorder caused by degeneration of nerve cells in the part of the brain that controls movement