Vocabulary Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocabulary Chapter 7 Deck (38):
1

aponeurosis

flat sheet of fibrous connective tissue

2

ataxia

lack of muscular coordination

3

atrophy

lack of nourishment

4

brachialgia

pain in arm

5

bradykinesia

slowness of motion or movement

6

dactylospasm

cramp of a finger or toe

7

dermatomyositis

inflamation of the muscles and the skin

8

diaphragm

separates the chest cavity and the abdominal cavity

9

dystonia

condition of impaired muscle tone

10

distrophy

abnormal development caused by defective nourishment

11

fascia

thin layer of connective tissue covering supporting or connecting the muscles.

12

fascitis

inflammation of fascia

13

fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS)

musculoskeletal pain and fatigue

14

insertion

point of attachment of a muscle to the part it moves

15

isometric

p. to having equal measure - muscle doesn't shorten

16

isotonic

p. to having the same tone or tension

17

levator

muscle that raises or elevates a part eg. latissimus dorsi

18

muscular dystrophy

progressive weakness and degeneration of the skeletal or voluntary muscles.

19

myalgia

pain in the muscle

20

myasthenia gravis (MG)

grave muscle weakness

21

myomalacia

softening of the muscle tissue

22

myoparesis

weakness of the muscle

23

myorrhaphy

surgical suture of a muscle wound

24

myosclerosis

abnormal condition of hardening of the muscle

25

myotome

instrument used to cut muscle

26

myotomy

surgical incision into muscle

27

polyplegia

paralysis affecting many muscles

28

rhabdomyoma

tumor of striated muscle tissue

29

rotator cuff

muscles that stabilize the shoulder

30

sternocleidomastoid

muscle arising from the sternum and clavicle

31

tenodesis

surgical binding of a tendon

32

tenodynia

pain in tendon

33

tetany

cramps, convulsions, & twitching of the muscles

34

torsion

process of being twisted

35

anatomic

body erect, head facing forward, arms by the sides with palms to the front

36

Fowler's

patient sitting up with knees elevated

37

lithotomy

on back with lower extremities flexed and feet placed in stirrups

38

electromyography

test to measure electrical activity across muscle membranes