Urinary System Vocab Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Urinary System Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Urinary System Vocab Deck (39):
1

albuminuria

presence of serum protein in the urine

2

antidiuretic

p.to a medication that decreases urine production and secretion

3

anuria

lack of urine production

4

bacteriuria

presence of bacteria in the urine

5

calciuria

presence of calcium in the urine

6

calculus

pebble; abnormal stone

7

dialysis

process of filtration of the blood; separates waste from the blood

8

dysuria

painful urination

9

enuresis

bedwetting

10

excretory

p.to elimination of waste products from the body

11

extracorporeal shock wave lithotriptor (ESWL)

Medical device used to crush kidney stones

12

glomerular

p.to the glomerulus

13

hydronephrosis

pathological condition in which urine collects in the renal pelvis because of an obstructed outflow

14

lithotripsy

crushing of a kidney stone

15

meatotomy

incision of the urinary meatus to enlarge the opening

16

meatus

opining or passage; external opening of the urethra

17

micturition

process of urination

18

nephrolith

kidney stone

19

nephron

basic structural and functional unit of the kidney

20

nephrosclerosis

condition of hardening of the kidney

21

nocturia

urination during the night

22

oliguria

scanty, decreased amount of urine

23

peritoneal dialysis

Separation of waste from the blood by using a peritoneal catheter and dialysis

24

polyuria

excessive secretion and discharge of urine; frequent urination

25

pyelonephritis

inflammation of the kidney and renal pelvis; caused by bacteria entering the kidneys from the bladder

26

pyuria

pus in the urine

27

renal failure

failure of the kidneys to function
Acute Renal Failure and Chronic Renal Failure

28

renin

enzyme produced by the kidneys

29

stricture

abnormal narrowing of a duct or passage

30

trigonitis

inflammation of the trigone of the bladder

31

uremia

excess of urea, creatinine, and other nitrogenous end products of protein

32

urgency

sudden need to void

33

urinalysis (UA)

analysis of urine

34

urochrome

pigment that gives urine the normal yellow color

35

blood urea nitrogen (BUN)

Blood test to determine the amount of urea excreted by the kidneys

36

culture, urine

urine test to determine the presence of microorganisms

37

cystoscopy

visual examination of the bladder and urethra

38

intravenous pyelography (IVP)

test to visualize the ureters, kidneys, and bladder

39

kidney, ureter, bladder (KUB)

in supine position, plate x-ray is taken of the abdomen