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Flashcards in Neuroanatomy Deck (45):
1

What is the function of the frontal cortex

Motor
Problem solving
Spontaneity
Memory
Language
Judgement
Personality
Impulse control
Social and sexual functions
High cognitive function

2

What is the role of the parietal lobe

Perception
Sensory information
Language
Maths

3

Role of the temporal lobe

Wernicke’s area

Short erm memory
Emotions
Equilibrium

4

Role of the occipital lobe

Primary visual and association cortex

5

Role of nucleus accumbens

Sexual arousal
High experience with drugs

6

What is the supratentorial dura mater innervated by

Trigeminal nerves (all three)

7

What is the infratentorial dura mater supplied by

Upper Cervical branches of facial nerve

8

What cell from the CNS is derived from mesenchymal cells of the bone marrow

Microglial cells

9

What nerve innervates the tip of the nose

Opthalmic nerve

10

What structure lies POSTERIOR to the cerebral aqueduct

Tectum

11

What artery supplies the paracentral lobule of the brain

Anterior cerebral artery

12

What cranial nerve is linked with the superior salivatory nucleus

Facial Nerve

13

What cranial nerve is associated with the ciliary ganglion

Oculomotor

14

Where is the raphe nulceus located

Midbrain

15

What three arteries supply the optic chiasma

Internal Carotid Artery
Middle Meningeal Artery
Anterior communicating artery

16

Where are hair cells of the vestibular pathway located

Ampulla of semicircular canals

17

What structure are hair cell cell bodies in contact with

Basilar Membrane

18

What is the difference in elasticity in basilar membrane and tectorial membrane

Basilar membrane is LESS elastic than the tectorial membrane

19

Where is the olfactory cortex located lobe-wise

Temporal lobe

20

What cells in the olfactory bulb relay signals to the cortex

Tufted and mitral cells

Note: That's why there is no need for the thalamus

21

What bone is the foramen spinosum located in:
a) Frontal
b) Occipital
c) Temporal
d) Parietal
e) Sphenoid

Sphenoid bone

22

Which of the following is not part of the crescent of foramina in the middle cranial fossa

a) Superior Orbital Fissure
b) Foramen Lacerum
c) Foramen Rotundum
d) Foramen Ovale
e) Foramen spinosum

Foramen Lacerum

23

What nerves innervate the dura mater

Vagus
Glossopharyngeal
Trigeminal
Upper 1st/2nd cervical spinal nerve

24

What muscle is innervated by the supra scapular nerve

Infraspinatus

25

Where is the lumbar plexus located

Substance of the psoas major

26

What artery supplies the inferior temporal gyrus

Posterior cerebral artery

27

Role of the ligament flavum

Links vertebral bodies together lamina to lamina

28

How many pedicles do we see per vertebral body

Two

29

How many cervical vertebrae do we have

Seven

30

What are the three main distinguishing features of the cervical vertebrae

1. Spinous process split into two parts (bifid spinous process)
2. Triangular vertebral foramen
3. Two transverse foramina

31

How many thoracic vertebrae do we have

12

32

What are the three distinguishing features of the thoracic vertebrae

Two demi facets on each side of th body
Costal facets needed to articulate with each rib
Vertebral foramen is circular (triangular in cervical)

33

What are the largest vertebrae set

Lumbar

34

How many lumbar vertebrae do we have

5

35

What is the role of the lumbar vertebrae

Support weight of the upper body

36

What are four distinguishing features of the lumbar vertebrae

1. No transverse foramina
2. No costal facets
3. No bifid spinous process
4. Triangular-shaped vertebral foramina

37

What is the property of the vertebral body

Cartilaginous

38

What cartilage are the articular surface of the vertebral body made of

Hyaline Cartilage

39

At what vertebral level does the spinal cord end at

L1/2

40

At what vertebral level does the conus medullar is start at

L2

41

Where does the film terminals end at

S5

42

What is the role of the psoas minor

It flexes the vertebral column

43

What structure attaches to the crista galli

Falx cerebri

44

What structure does the sigmoid sinus continue from

Internal jugular vein

45

What sinus joins the sigmoid sinus to the cavernous sinus

The petrosal sinus