Neuroanatomy, Function and Hemisphericity Flashcards Preview

Melillo Childhood Neurodevelomental Disorders > Neuroanatomy, Function and Hemisphericity > Flashcards

Flashcards in Neuroanatomy, Function and Hemisphericity Deck (14)
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1

A hyperactive immune system (allergies, autoimmunity) means what hemisphere is over-dominant?

Left hemisphere

2

Hearing and smelling things that are not there mean which hemisphere is over-dominant?

Left hemisphere

3

Tics and outbursts are associated with which hemisphere being over-dominant?

Left hemisphere

4

Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex (DLPFC) is associated with which lobe?

Parietal lobe

5

Orbitofrontal Cortex (OFC) is associated with which lobe?

Temporal lobe

6

Word reading is a _______ brain skill

Left

7

Reading comprehension is a ________ brain skill

Right

8

What's ontogeny?

child development

9

What's filogeny?

stages of evolutionary development

10

What are the parts of the Triune brain?

Reptilian Brain Archeocortex
Mammalian Brain Paleocortex
Primate Brain Neocortex

11

What are the signs/symptoms of parietal lobe impairment?

inability to attend to more than one object at a time, anomia, agraphia, alexia, difficulty drawing objects, difficulty distinguishing L from R, dyscalculia, apraxia, inability to focus visual attention, difficulty w/eye-hand coordination

12

What are the signs/symptoms of frontal lobe impairment?

paralysis, inability to sequence (for multi-step tasks), low of spontaneity in interacting, loss of flexibility in thinking, perseveration, trouble attending, emotionally labile, changes in social behavior, changes in personality, difficulty with problem solving, Broca's aphasia

13

What are the signs/symptoms of occipital lobe impairment?

visual field cuts (deficit in vision), difficulty locating objects in environment, color agnosia, hallucinations, visual illusions or inaccurately seeing objects, word blindness or inability to recognize words, difficulty recognizing drawn objects, movement agnosia, difficulty reading/writing

14

What are the signs/symptoms of cerebellum impairment?

loss of ability to coordinate fine motor movements, loss of ability to walk, inability to reach out & grab objects, tremors