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Flashcards in Neurological Impairments Deck (35)
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1

Define composite impairments

result of combine effect of 2 or more other impairments

2

List the motor cortex deficits

muscle weakness, abnormal synergies, coactivation, abnormalities of muscle tone

3

Motor weakness is also called

paresis

4

Abnormal synergies is a _ and _ problem

activation and sequencing

5

Describe coactivation

agonist and antagonist both activated at the same time

6

Hypotonicity (reduced/increased) resistance to passive movement

reduced

7

Flaccidity is velocity (independent/dependent)

independent

8

Hypertonicity is the _ to passive movement

resistance

9

Rigidity is the velocity (independent/dependent)

independent

10

Spasticity is velocity (independent/dependent)

dependent

11

Rigidity is seen with lesions of the (basal ganglia, cerebellum)

basal ganglia

12

What are the clinical scales for spasticity?

Modified Ashworth, SCATS (spinal cord)

13

What is seen with cerebellar pathology?

hypotonia, ataxia or dyscoordination of voluntary movement, action or intention tremor

14

What is seen with Basal Ganglia pathology

hypokinetic, hyperkinetic movement, cognitive and behavioral disorders

15

Spasticity changes the _ properties of _ and other tissues

physical, muscle

16

(Paresis/spasticity) results in underlying structural changes in muscle

Paresis

17

What impairment is seen with medial lemniscal system lesions?

loss of discriminative touch and proprioception

18

What impairment is seen with lateral spinothalamic tract lesions?

pain sensibility, ability to detect thermal changes, loss of more coarse touch

19

What impairment is seen with somatosensory cortex lesions?

loss of discriminative sensations: two-point discrimination, proprioception, stereognosis, localization

20

Body scheme deficit

awareness of body parts, position of body in relationship to environment

21

Right-left discrimination

ability to understand concepts of left and right

22

Body-part identification

ability to identify body parts of self and others

23

Anosognosia

unawareness or denial of deficits

24

Unilateral neglect

neglect of one side of body or extrapersonal space

25

Position in space

ability to understand concepts like over, under, around, above and below

26

spatial relations

ability to percieve self in relation to other objects

27

topographic orientation

ability to find ones way from one place to another

28

figure ground perception

ability to distinguish foreground from background

29

limb apraxia

inability to carry out purposeful movement in the presence of intact sensation

30

constructional apraxia

the deficit in constructional activities