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Flashcards in SCI Deck (142)
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1

What is the most common etiology from direct trauma for SCI?
a. Falls
b. Violent acts
c. MVA
d. Sports

MVA

2

Males are more likely to suffer from spinal cord injury (true/false)

true

3

What is the difference between the neurologic level vs the vertebral level?

the spinal cord level is higher than the vertebral body

4

If a patient's vertebral body is injured at T9, what level could have the potential for peripheral nerve injury?
a. T7 and T8
b. T8 and T9
c. T9 and T10
d. T10 and T11

T10 and T11

5

Which vertebral section is the most vulnerable?
a. Cervical
b. Thoracic
c. Lumbar
d. Sacral

Cervical

6

A majority of injuries occur at which level?
a. Cervical
b. Thoracic
c. Lumbar
d. Sacral

Cervical

7

Which of the following is described: cord is compressed from osteophytes with damage to cord itself
a. Flexion injury with wedge fx
b. Stenosis and hyperextension
c. Flexion/rotation
d. Vertical compression

stenosis and hyperextension

8

With whiplash it is most common to result in which type of injury?
a. Flexion injury with wedge fx
b. Stenosis and hyperextension
c. Flexion/rotation
d. Vertical compression

stenosis and hyperextension

9

This type of injury occurs in a high-speed head on collision with rapid deceleration causing the head to flex forward forcefully
a. Flexion injury with wedge fx
b. Stenosis and hyperextension
c. Flexion/rotation
d. Vertical compression

flexion injury with wedge fx

10

Flexion/rotation injury often occurs in combination with

lateral flexion and shearing

11

This type of injury is when a vertical force presses down on head with enough force to break the vertebral body
a. Flexion injury with wedge fx
b. Stenosis and hyperextension
c. Flexion/rotation
d. Vertical compression

vertical compression

12

Extension injury is a distraction on the _ side
a. Anterior
b. Posterior
c. Lateral
d. Medial

anterior

13

Thoracic region is more stable because of articulation with ribs and additional musculature that supports the thoracic region (true/false)

true

14

What are potential associated injuries with SCI?

Fractures
Pneumothorax or hemothorax
TBI
Internal injuries to organs
Brachial plexus injury
PNI

15

Ascending tracts carry _ info from _ to _

Sensory
From periphery to CNS – brainstem/brain/cerebellum

16

Descending tracts carry _ info out of the _ and into _

Motor
CNS into tissues

17

What is the center of the spinal cord?
a. Cervical
b. Thoracic
c. Lumbar
d. Sacral

Cervical

18

Central cord syndrome shows more losses in _ region

cervical region

19

C1-C4 is testing the
a. Sensory level
b. Neck sensation
c. Neck muscles
d. Scalenes

sensory level

20

Testing the biceps and brachialis will test which nerve root?
a. C4
b. C5
c. C6
d. C7

C5

21

Testing the extensor carpi radialis longus and brevis will test which nerve root?
a. C4
b. C5
c. C6
d. C7

C6

22

Testing the triceps will test which nerve root?
a. C5
b. C6
c. C7
d. C8

C7

23

Testing the flexor digitorum profundus and middle finger will test which nerve root?
a. C5
b. C6
c. C7
d. C8

C8

24

Testing the abductor digiti minimi will assess which nerve root?
a. C6
b. C7
c. C8
d. T1

T1

25

If you are assessing the iliopsoas, which nerve root are you assessing?
a. L1
b. L2
c. L3
d. L4

L2

26

Testing the quadriceps will identify which nerve root?
a. L1
b. L2
c. L3
d. L4

L3

27

Testing the tibilias anterior will identify which nerve root?
a. L2
b. L3
c. L4
d. L5

L4

28

Testing the extensor hallucis longus will identify which nerve root?
a. L3
b. L4
c. L5
d. L6

L5

29

Testing the gastrocnemius, soleus will identify which nerve root?
a. L5
b. S1
c. S2
d. S3

S1

30

Explain the somatotopic organization of the spinal cord

cervical is more centered, then thoracic then lumbar as it goes out and down the body