Neutralisation- Unit 3 Flashcards

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1
Q

What makes something an acid?

A

Give H+ ions in water

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2
Q

What makes something an alkali?

A

OH- in water

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3
Q

pH of Acid

A

1-6

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4
Q

pH of Alkali

A

8-14

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5
Q

Define souble

A

Dissolves in water

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6
Q

Define insoluble

A

Doesn’t dissolve in water

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7
Q

Define a precipitate

A

Insoluble Salt

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8
Q

What do all neutralization reactions create?

A

Water

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9
Q

Word equation for acid and metal

A

Metal + Acid -> Salt + Water

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10
Q

Word equation for acid and metal oxide

A

Metal Oxide+ Acid -> Salt + Water

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11
Q

Word Equation for acid and metal carbonates

A

Metal Carbonate + Acid -> Salt+ Water + CO2

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12
Q

Universal indicator colour in acid

A

Red

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13
Q

Universal indicator colour in alkali

A

Blue

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14
Q

What kind of salt for sulphuric acid?

A

Sulphate

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15
Q

What kind of salt for nitric acid?

A

Nitrate

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16
Q

What kind of salt for ethanoic acid?

A

Ethanoate

17
Q

What kind of salt for Hydrochloric acid?

A

Chloride

18
Q

How do you get an insoluble salt from a mixture?

A

Filteration

19
Q

How do you get a soluble salt from a mixture?

A

Evaporation

20
Q
What do these symbols mean?
(g)
(l)
(s)
(aq)
A

(g) Gas
(l) Liquid
(s) Solid
(aq) Dissolved in water

21
Q

pH of neutral

A

7 (green)