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Social Issues - UPSC 2019 > Non Communicable Diseases > Flashcards

Flashcards in Non Communicable Diseases Deck (19):
1

Which generation of UN GA adopted a declaration "Time to Deliver:
Accelerating our response to address NCDs for the health and well-being of present and future generations". ?

73rd Session

2

According to the UN, what are Non Communicable Diseases also called ?

Chronic diseases are diseases of long
duration

3

What are the 4 major Non communicable diseases ?

1. Cardiovascular diseases
2. Cancers,
3. Respiratory diseases
4. Diabetes

4

What factors cause them ?

Genetic, Physiological, Environmental and Behavioral factors.

5

How many people die each year because of these diseases ?

41 million

6

What % of global deaths are caused by this ?

71%

7

What are some behavorial factors ?

Tobacco use,
Physical inactivity,
Consumption of processed food with enriched salt
and sugar content,
Alcohol

8

What are some metabolic factors ?

High BP,
Obesity,
High blood glucose levels,

9

What are some structural factors ?

Urban settlements with lack of open
spaces and recreational activities,
Stressed work culture,
Pollution

10

Which Indian Ministry won UN Inter-Agency Task Force Award for “outstanding contribution to the achievement of NCD related SDG targets” ?

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

11

According to World Economic Forum, what is the estimated financial loss to India because of NCD from 2012 to 2030 ?

4.5 trillion dollars

12

What % of Indian deaths are caused by NCD ?

60%

13

Who developed Global Monitoring Framework
and Action Plan for prevention and Control of NCDs ?

WHO

14

According to National Health Policy, what is the target premature mortality rate by 2025 because of NCDs ?

25%

15

What is NCPCDS ?

National Programme for
Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases
and Stroke

16

Under which mission is NCPCDS being implemented by central government ?

National Health Mission

17

What has NITI Aayog proposed for treating non communicable diseases ?

PPP to increase role of private partnerships

18

What is the impact of NCDs ?

1. Poverty
2. Loss of workforce
3. Impact on Children

19

What are some of the future steps that can be taken ?

1. Healthy Lifestyle
2. Better Urban Planning
3. Stringent Norms for Processed Food
4. Private Sector Partnership
5. Increase Government Expenditure