Flashcards in Non parametric methods Deck (13)
What is a non parametric form of a two-sample t-test?
How does a Mann-whitney test work?
If the two samples are drawn from the same population, we would expect to receive a random sample of the ranks and therefore the sum of the ranks would be approximately equal
What are the technicalities of a Mann whitney test?
assumes that the data can be uniquely ranked
Ho is that both groups' observations been sampled from the same distribution
Less powerful than a two-sample t-test. This difference is usually only noticed in small samples
What is done in the case of tied observations?
give tied observations the average of the ranks that would have been used for them if the values were different
What are the assumptions for calculating the confidence intervals of the medians in Mann whitney tests?
the distributions have the same shape
The distributions only vary by their medians not their variability
these are very similar to the assumptions for parametric tests and sometimes it would be more appropriate to use these
Give an example of the non-parametric version of a one-sample t-test
Wilcoxon signed ranks rest
Describe the wilcoxon signed rank test
ranks are calculated based on the differences between the observations and the target value
Notes on the wilcoxon signed rank test
holds only when the differences are non zero
assumes the observations come from a population with a symmetrical distribution - usually only if data is normal . if it doesn't use a sign test- much lower power
It is possible to calculate confidence intervals for the median
Describe the WIlcoxon matched pairs test
when there are two measurements of the same quantity o each individual in a single sample
Ho- values of first measurement are approximately equal to the measurement of he second measurement
calculate the difference between each individual pair of measurements, then carry out test based on ranks of the within pair differences
Notes on Wilcoxon matched pairs test
effectively Wilcoxon signed rank test
only holds when differences are non-zero
assume from a symmetrical distribution
What is the name of a method for non-parametic analysis of variance ?
The Krushal-Wallis test
Describe the Krushal-Wallis test
mathematical extension of the Mann whitney test
Ho- different groups come from populations with the same distribution
Use bonferroni to account for multiple testing