Non Verbal Communication Flashcards Preview

Comm. Arts 260 Semester 1 > Non Verbal Communication > Flashcards

Flashcards in Non Verbal Communication Deck (16)
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1

Non verbal communication definition

messages sent and received without words

2

Functions of nonverbal communication

1) Supplements verbal communication
2) Regulates interaction
3) Conveys relational level messages
4) Exerts power/control (Ex: eye contact, touch, body language)

3

Kinesics

the use of body movements and gestures to convey messages

4

Gendered differences (kinesics)

- Women tilt their head to show respect
- Women take smaller steps/ fill up less space in general

5

Hidden curriculum (kinesics)

- Hidden messages school teaches us that is a means of social control
- Ex: Body movements: 80 percent of formal behaviors are performed by females

6

Chronemics

the use of time to communicate messages to others
Power:
- Status is communicated with 'waiting time'.
- Those with more power speak longer
- Workplace time: some people don't need to report their working hours

- Cultural differences
- Temporal expectations

7

Cultural differences (chronemics)

- Monochronic: culture values being on time, meetings are scheduled, time is compartmentalized and singular
- Polychronic: time is seen as fluid, cultural groups value relationships more

8

Temporal expectations

how much time is expected for certain things
- Ex: Emailers have 24 hours otherwise it looks bad

9

Artifacts

material we surround ourselves with
- Cultural meaning of artifacts: it demonstrates what you value, your mood/feelings
- Change is used to communicate to the outside world ways we are changing. (Ex: haircuts, tattoos)

Clothing:
- There is correlation between identity and clothing
- Has individual meaning

Political significance of artifacts:
- Artifacts are used to allow certain behaviors (Ex: dress code)

10

Haptics

use of touch to communicate

11

Types of touch

1) Positive effect: express positive things
2) Playful
3) Control
4) Ritualistic (Ex: greetings)
5) Task-related
6) Unintentional
7) Touch in professional settings

12

Proxemics

the use of space to communicate
- intimate space (0-18 inches): reserved for close contacts
- personal space (1-4 ft): casual relationships
- social space: 4-12 feet
- public space: 12 feet

13

Vocalics

the use of voice/paralanguage to communicate
- Ex: speech, inflection, volume, silence, fillers ('uh')

14

Functions of vocalics

- To repeat
- To compliment
- To contradict
- To substitute
- To regulate and manage

15

Perceptions based on vocal cues

- Physical characteristics
- Emotion
- Credibility

16

Level of observation

People differ and disagree in what they define communication to be
Ex) is sneezing communication or not?