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Flashcards in Normal development Deck (7)
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1

What are the 4 main different areas of development ?

  1. Gross motor
  2. Fine motor and vision
  3. Language and hearing
  4. Social behaviour and play

2

Appreciate the developmental milestones in children 

3

Match the following gross motor milestones to the age at which the should be carring them out:

  • Sitting balance
  • Standing
  • Head control 
  • Stairs – 2 feet/tread 
  • Hops
  • Crawling
  • Runs
  • Stairs – alternate feet

3 months, 12 months, 6 months, 36 months, 48 months, 18 months, 9 months, 24 months 

  • Head control - 3 months
  • Sitting balance - 6 months
  • Crawling - 9 months
  • Standing - 12 months
  • Runs - 18 months
  • Stairs – 2 feet/tread  24 months
  • Stairs – alternate feet - 36 months
  • Hops - 48 months

4

List and explain some of the motor development primitive reflexes 

  • Sucking and rooting -  A reflex that is seen in normal newborn babies, who automatically turn the face toward the stimulus and make sucking (rooting) motions with the mouth when the cheek or lip is touched. The rooting reflex helps to ensure successful breastfeeding.
  • Palmar and plantar grasp - When an object is placed in the infant's hand and strokes their palm, the fingers will close and they will grasp it with a palmar grasp 
  • ATNR -  It is also known as the "fencingreflex" because of the characteristic position of the infant's arms and head, which resembles that of a classically trained fencer.

Moro - 

 a response to a sudden loss of support, when the infant feels as if it is falling. It involves three distinct components:

  • spreading out the arms (abduction)
  • unspreading the arms (adduction)
  • crying (usually)

 

  • Stepping and placing - present at birth, though infants this young cannot support their own weight. When the soles of their feet touch a flat surface they will attempt to walk by placing one foot in front of the other.

5

Put the following fine motor and vision developmental milestones in order of when they arise:

Scissor grasp, pincor grasp, hand regard in midline, draws simple man, tower of 6-7/scribble, grasps toy - palmar, tower of 3-4 bricks, tower of 9 bricks/ copies circle

3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48 months 

  • Hand regard in midline - 3 months 
  • Grasps toy (palmar) - 6 months 
  • Scissor grasp - 9 months 
  • Pincor grasp - 12 months 
  • Tower of 3-4 bricks - 18 months 
  • Tower of 6-7/scribble - 24 months 
  • Tower of 9 bricks/ copies circle - 36 months 
  • Draws simple man - 48 months 

 

 

6

Put the following hearing and language developmental milestones in order of when they should have been roughly met:

Can tell stories of experiences, Knows name, Babbles, Vocalises, 2 body parts/5-20 words, Imitates sounds, Complex instructions/ask questions, simple instructions/50+ words, 

3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48 months 

  • Vocalises - 3 months 
  • Babbles - 6 months 
  • Imitates sounds - 9 months 
  • Knows name - 12 months 
  • 2 body parts/5-20 words - 18 months 
  • simple instructions/50+ words - 24 months  
  • complex instructions/ask questions -  36 months 
  • can tell stories of experiences - 48 months 

7

Put the following social development and play milestones in order of when they should be met:

Feeds with spoon, social smile, drinks from cup/waves bye-bye, Pleasure on friendly handling, understands turn taking/dresses fully, pretend interactive play/toilet trained, Plays peeka-boo/ stranger awareness, Plays with feet/friendly with strangers, symbolic play/puts some clothes on 

6 weeks, 3 months , 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48 months 

  • Social smile - 6 weeks 
  • Pleasure on friendly handling - 3 months 
  • Plays with feet/friendly with strangers - 6 months 
  • Plays peeka-boo/stranger awareness - 9 months 
  • Drinks from cup/ waves bye-bye - 12 months 
  • Feeds with spoon - 18 months 
  • Symbolic play/puts on some clothes - 24 months 
  • Pretend interactive play/toilet trained - 36 months 
  • Understands turn taking/dresses fully - 48 months