What are nutrients required for ?
- Essential nutrients to replace losses & to grow new tissues
- Energy to permit metabolic functions
- Maintenance, growth & development
- Develop immunity
What are the 3 main phases of growth in kids and what are each of them driven by ?
Child (growth hormone-led)
Pubertal (sex steroid(hormone)-led)
What is the sort of deviation seen from the estimated energy requirements of the general population ?
Basically in terms of energy requirement half of the population will need a bit more than the estimated average requirement and half will need a bit less
List some of the nutrients in which intake is commonly excessive
- Vit C - intake above the RNI in all age groups
- Vit A - intake above the RNI in all age groups
- Sodium - intake exceeds RNI in all ages groups except 4-6 months
List some of the nutritents in which intake is inadequate
Vit D - RNI below for all ages of breastfed infants of all ages, RNI is below for 12-18 months old non-breastfed infants
What is recommended that infants taking < 500mls/d of formula per day should take ?
Vit A,C&D supplements
What supplement should breast feeding mothers take ?
Vit D supplement
Appreciate the intake of iorn and calcium in infants
What are the UK physcial activity guidelines for kids < 5 who can walk and those who cants yet walk
Cant yet walk:
- Encourage walking
- Floor based & water-based activities in safe environments
- 180 minutes throughout the day
What are the UK physical activity guidelines for kids 5-18 years old ?
≥ 60 minutes/day of moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity
3 days per week - vigorous intensity activities
What is the recommened feeding for the first 6 months of an infants life ?
Describe the change in feeding in infants aged roughly 6 months
How does adequate nutrition in infants affect the developmental milestones in skills for eating and drinking?
Describe the development of eating and drinking skills in early childhood?
Transition from - Being fed ===> feeding self, food supplied ===> learning to find food
Describe the development of eating and drinking skills in school-aged kids
- Learning to be independent
- Developing eating patterns
- Developing behaviour patterns (activity)
Describe the development of eating and drinking skiils in adolescence
- Attaining independence & ability to parent
- Accelerated growth due to increased demand
What are some of the benefits of being breastfed for the first 6 months of life on future health ?
- Greater likelihood of higher IQ at 7½ years
- Lower obesity risk for baby in later life
- Lower maternal breast cancer risk
What is recommened for optimum dental health?
Children should be introduced to drinking from cups or beakers from about six months of age & tooth brushing should begin as soon as teeth begin to appear