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Child Health week 1 > Nutrition and growth > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutrition and growth Deck (18)
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1

What are nutrients required for ?

  • Essential nutrients to replace losses & to grow new tissues
  • Energy to permit metabolic functions
  • Maintenance, growth & development
  • Develop immunity

2

What are the 3 main phases of growth in kids and what are each of them driven by ?

  1. Infant (nutrient-led)
  2. Child (growth hormone-led)
  3. Pubertal (sex steroid(hormone)-led)

3

What is the sort of deviation seen from the estimated energy requirements of the general population ?

Basically in terms of energy requirement half of the population will need a bit more than the estimated average requirement and half will need a bit less

4

List some of the nutrients in which intake is commonly excessive 

  • Protein 
  • Vit C - intake above the RNI in all age groups 
  • Vit A - intake above the RNI in all age groups 
  • Sodium - intake exceeds RNI in all ages groups except 4-6 months 

5

List some of the nutritents in which intake is inadequate 

Vit D - RNI below for all ages of breastfed infants of all ages, RNI is below for 12-18 months old non-breastfed infants

 

6

What is recommended that infants taking < 500mls/d of formula per day should take ?

Vit A,C&D supplements 

7

What supplement should breast feeding mothers take ?

Vit D supplement 

8

Appreciate the intake of iorn and calcium in infants 

9

What are the UK physcial activity guidelines for kids < 5 who can walk and those who cants yet walk 

Cant yet walk:

  • Encourage walking
  • Floor based & water-based activities in safe environments

Can walk:

  • 180 minutes throughout the day

10

What are the UK physical activity guidelines for kids 5-18 years old ?

≥ 60 minutes/day of moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity

OR 

3 days per week - vigorous intensity activities 

11

What is the recommened feeding for the first 6 months of an infants life ?

Breast feeding 

12

Describe the change in feeding in infants aged roughly 6 months 

13

How does adequate nutrition in infants affect the developmental milestones in skills for eating and drinking?

14

Describe the development of eating and drinking skills in early childhood?

Transition from - Being fed ===> feeding self, food supplied ===> learning to find food 

 

15

Describe the development of eating and drinking skills in school-aged kids 

  • Learning to be independent
  • Developing eating patterns
  • Developing behaviour patterns (activity)

16

Describe the development of eating and drinking skiils in adolescence 

  • Attaining independence & ability to parent
  • Accelerated growth due to increased demand

17

What are some of the benefits of being breastfed for the first 6 months of life on future health ?

  • Greater likelihood of higher IQ at 7½ years
  • Lower obesity risk for baby in later life
  • Lower maternal breast cancer risk

18

What is recommened for optimum dental health?

Children should be introduced to drinking from cups or beakers from about six months of age & tooth brushing should begin as soon as teeth begin to appear