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Flashcards in Normal Ranges for Labs Deck (17):
1

What is the normal range for Potassium?

3.5-5.1 mmol/L

2

What is the normal range for Sodium?

136-145 mmol/L

3

What is the normal range for Chloride?

98-107 mmol/L

4

What is the normal range for Calcium?

8.8-10.2 mg/dL

5

What is the normal range for Creatinine?
What does it do?

0.5-1.5 mg/dL

Function of skeletal muscle breakdown and renal excretion
So if muscle mass is stable, increases reflect poor renal function
Decreased Creatinine reflect deceased muscle mass (malnutrition)

6

What is the normal range for BUN?

6-20 mg/dL
Indicate body’s ability to clear nitrogenous wastes - Urea in urine
High levels may indicate renal failure, Also Increased metabolism due to fever or Stress

7

What is the normal range for Lactate?

0.5 - 2.2 mmol/L

8

What is BNP? What are the Lab ranges?

Its a Polypeptide that is released by the ventricles of the heart in response to stretching.
less than 100 – Normal
300 – Mild CHF
600 – Moderate CHF
900 – Severe CHF

9

What are the normal values for RBCs and what does anemia represent?

~4.5-6

Low Values Anemia:
Bone marrow problems
Deficiencies: iron, Vit B12, other chronic diseases
Breakdown of RBC: Fault in RBC, drugs, infections,
Bleeding, trauma

10

What causes secondary polycythemia?

COPD/Chronic lung disease or Being at High Altitudes

11

On A CBC, What is a typical response to a bacterial infection?

Neutrophilia with a left shift (increase in bands and presence of immature neutrophils in the peripheral blood)

12

What is the difference between pseudo and regular neutrophilia?

its transient and last a few hours. Physiologic. can be caused by stress or EPI/catacholmine.
Regular can be caused by infection.

13

What is the disease progression of Sepsis?

Infection leading to WBC recruitment,

Vasodilation and lower BP with leakiness into interstitial spaces leading to organ failure from blood leaking and hypoxia. ARDS

Damaged blood vessels that leads to drop in platelets. Causing DIC

14

What is the normal white cell count?

3.5-10

15

What is the normal platelet count?

150-450

16

What is the normal hemoglobin count?

(M) 13.5-17.5
(F) 12.0-15.5

17

What is the hematocrit normal range?

Male: 38.8-50.0 percent
Female: 34.9-44.5 percent