Norman Castles Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Norman Castles Deck (23):
0

What was Williams response to the Saxon revolt?

Harrying of the North - Sent his army North to burn villages, burn crops, destroy houses and murder locals.

1

Drawbridge

The wooden bridge which could be raised in times of danger

2

What does William give to the tenants in chief and what dose the tenants and chief give to William?

William grants land to the tenants and chief and they promise to provide knights for the army for 40 days a year

3

Machicolations

A place where the wall jutted out with holes through which boiling oil could be poured on the attackers below

4

Arrow slits

These were narrow windows through which defenders could fire arrows

5

Gun loops

Arrow slits with a round hole for firing muskets

6

Portcullis

Metal gates which could be lowered to block the doorway

7

Towers

Higher that the walls allowing defenders to fire at people who attack the wall

8

Spiral staircase

These where circler going round and round allowing the defenders to use there swords

10

Merlons

The uprights in the battlement

10

Battlements

The top of the castle

11

Embrasures

The gaps in the battlement

12

Walls

Their height and thickness was the best defensive feature of the castle

13

Gatehouse

A heavily protected entrance

14

Mangonel

Similar to a trebuchet excep this worked using tension ropes rather than a counterweight

15

Trebuchet

A large siege weapon used to fling heavy objects against castles walls

16

Siege tower

This was used to reach the top of a castle or town wall

17

Tunnelling

This method involed digging under the castle walls as a way of entering the castle also fires could be lit

18

Starvation

Surrounding a castle and cutting off the people inside from their sources of food

19

Battering ram

Used to break the strong gates of the castle

20

How frequently was the gatehouse manned

24/7

21

List 3 types of weapons used by the guards

Longbows fork poles cross bows

22

What was in the gate house

Murder hole the guards would drop things down them