Normans- Conquest and Control Pt 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Normans- Conquest and Control Pt 1 Deck (18):
1

Who was the king of England in 1041?

Edward the confessor

2

Who were the Godwin family?

They were a family who held a lot of power

3

What happened with the Godwin family in 1051?

They rebelled against Edward

4

What was William's role in the Godwin rebellion?

William, Duke of Normandy, sent over his army to protect Edward

5

When did Edward die?

January 1066

6

How did Edward's death cause a crisis?

He had no heir leading to 4 claimants to the throne

7

Who were the 4 claimants to the throne?

Harold Godwinson
Harald Hadrada
Edgar Aethling
William, Duke of Normandy

8

Why did Edgar have a strong claim?

He was the closest blood relative to Edward

9

Why did Edgar have a weak claim?

He was only 14 and very inexperienced and had little support

10

Why did Harald have a strong claim?

His father was promised the throne after Harthacanute
He was an experienced ruler and a famous warrior
he had Tostig's support

11

Why did Harald have a weak claim?

The promise was made from an old king to his father
Only the north supported him
He was feared and violent

12

Why did Harold have a strong claim?

He was Edward's brother in law
He was made Edward's sub-regulus in the 1050s
He was the richest man in England
Edward said that he should be the next king on his deathbed
Skilful military leader
had the support of the Witan

13

Why did Harold have a weak claim?

He wasn't a blood relative

14

Why did William have a strong claim?

He was a distant cousin of Edward
He helped Edward out and in return, Edward promised him the throne
in 1064 Harold had sworn an oath to support William's claim to the throne
He was a strong leader and powerful warrior

15

Why did William have a weak claim?

He was an illegitimate child
Relationship with Edward was flawed

16

Who was crowned king on 6th January 1066? ( the day after Edward died)

Harold Godwinson

17

What happened in September 1066 with Hadrada?

Harald Hadrada joined with Tostig and at the Battle of Fulford defeated Edwin and Morcar
York surrendered to them

18

How did Harold respond to Hadrada's arrival?

-He marched his army 200 miles in a week
-Caught Hadrada and Tostig by surprise at Stanford Bridge on the 25th September and managed to kill them alongside the majority of their army