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Flashcards in Nose Deck (33)
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1

rhinophyma definition

hypertrophy of skin and sebaceous glands

2

rhinophyma associated with (2)

acne rosacea
aggravated with chronic alcohol abuse

3

disease that causes *ATROPHY* of nasal septum

lepropsy

4

slowly growing ulcerated *NODULAR* area can be _____ of eye or ___

basal cell carcinoma
lupus vulgaris of TB

5

abnormal respiratory motion seen in newborns

respiratory distress syndrome
(hyaline membrane disease)

6

characteristic x-ray feature of respiratory distress syndrome
(hyaline membrane disease)

ground glass appearance

7

flaring of nasal ali seen in (2) conditions

pneumonia
respiratory distress syndrome (hyaline membrane disease)

8

*CLEAR* nasal discharge and CSF differentiated by testing with _____

glucose oxidaze paper
- glucose present in CSF = color change

9

prulent nasal discharge may be associated with (3)

foreign body in nasal cavity
common cold
prodromal sign of infxn (measles, pertussis, polio)

10

allergy induced prulent discharge may have ____ present

eosinophils

11

common direct trauma to nose causing nosebleed (usually from picking) occurs at _____ portion of nose called _____

anterior portion of nose
Kiesselbach's Plexus

12

vascular network of anterior nasal septum

Kiesselbach's Plexus

13

spontaneous nosebleeds may be seen in people with

HTN

14

less common cause for nosebleed

neoplasm in nose, nasopharynx, or sinus

15

(2) conditions that may cause nose bleeds

rheumatic fever
hemorrhagic diathesis with wide spread ecchymosis or petechial hemorrhage

16

spontaneous epistaxis (nose bleeding) is often prodromal to ____; 2 other characteristics associated are:

prodromal to typhoid fever
- nocturnal fever
- bradycardia

17

disease that epistaxis is often presenting sign in:

Ostler- Weber- Rondeau Disease (hereditary hemorrhagic telangectasia

18

rhinitis medicomentosa definition

patient causes own nasal obstruction by chronic use of intranasal epinephrin (nose drops)

19

unilateral nasal obstruction may be caused by (4)

deviated septum
nasal polyps
foreign body
malignant disease

20

both ______ should not be closed (atretic) at birth; this can cause ____

chonanae
choking at birth (oral airway is a must)

21

view of the nose should include:

vestibules
mucosa
inferior and middle turbinate bones
middle meatus
septum

22

in patient with *TERTIARY SYPHILIS*, you can view (4) parts of nose with bright light

inferior turbinates
middle turbinates
ethmoidal spine
remnant of vomer

23

nasal muscosa is ______ than oral mucosa

much brighter/redder
(often misdiagnosed because of this)

24

swollen erectile turbinates are seen in __

common cold
- associated with hyermemic mucosa and characteristic discharge

25

swollen and *PALE* turbinates indicate:

allergic rhinitis (may be seasonal, dependent upon vegetation as allergen)

26

turbinates are atrophic; mucosa is covered with *PUS* and *CRUST* and patient complains of offensive *ODOR*

atrophic rhinitis

27

offensive odor in atrophic rhinitis is called

ozena

28

Nasal septum with a perforation can be caused by (2)

TB or systemic lupus
(usually, it is from chronic picking or result of submucus resection operation)

29

disease that presents with several edematous boggy secular masses in nasal passage (polyps)

cystic fibrosis

30

polyps are seen MC in people with

allergic rhinitis