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Flashcards in Ear Deck (31)
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1

complete exam of ear includes

auricles
auditory canals
tympanic membranes
estimate of patient's hearing

2

most pathologies found on auricle are found upon:

simple inspection

3

total aplasia of auricle may or may not be associated with ____ external auditory canal; ____ is important

atretic (closed) external auditory canal
Shape of auricle is important

4

Cutis Laxa causes:

lop ears

5

visible lumps in _____ are usually _____ from SODIUM URATE CRYSTALS

pinna
gouty tophy

6

common location for benign cystic mass in ear is ____ and called ____

external auditory meatus
basal cell carcinoma

7

boxers and wrestlers with chronic trauma to auricles suffer bleeding btwn ____ and _____ ==> scar tissue causing deformity of auricle called ____

cartilage and perichondrium
cauliflower ear

8

with complaints of tinnitus and partial deafness in one ear, very often, the cause is only ______

impacted cerumen (earwax)

9

how to remove cerumen

irrigate with warm water or with a speculum/ear hook

10

(2) common causes for fever

cerumen
foreign body

11

hearing may be improved in older adults by:

pulling ear out to open the canal

12

pull ear ____ & ____ for adults and ____ & ____ for kids

out and back for adults
down and back for kids

13

visible landmarks of tympanic membrane

short process of malleus
light reflex
manubrium
annulus
jumbo
chords tympani nerve (rarely seen)

14

______ can cause superior part of bony canal to erode and mass of desquamated squamous epithelium, aka _____ enters the canal externally through a marginal perforation of the drum

chronic mastoiditis
cholesteatoma

15

cranial trauma that presents with a blood external auditory canal suggests a _______

basilar skull fracture

16

laceration of ear canal after head trauma is pathognomonic of _____

basilar skull fracture

17

condition that's peak incidence in in summer and associated with *SWIMMING*

external otitis

18

movement of triages/auricle are painful with _____

external otitis

19

condition that occur MC In winter

otitis media

20

no pain from movement associated with

otitis media

21

3 characteristics of otitis media

discharge may be present
the drum is bulging or perforated
need perforation for discharge to occur

22

condition in which the ear canal is swollen

acute external otitis
(does NOT happen in otitis media- canal is normal or only slightly reddened)

23

3 characteristics of external otitis

tympanic membrane normal or reddened
purulent discharge
MC in summer- pain with movement

24

serious effusion of middle ear can be due to: (3)

repeated infections
obstruction of adenoids
allergies

25

serous bubbles in _____ part of middle ear obstructed by _______ may be multiple and ASYMPTOMATIC

superior part
benign exostosis

26

MC origin for carcinoma growing out of tympanic membrane is:

mastoid or middle ear

27

aural polyps are usually covered with _____; they can arise from ___ or ____

discharge
external canal or behind tympanic membrane

28

Positives for Weber's Test

Conductive: sound lateralizes to bad ear
Sensory Neural Loss: sound lateralizes to good ear

29

atrophy of ganglion cells in cochlea which causes bilateral high frequency hear loss in older people, called _____

presbycusis

30

disease in which deafness is UNILATERAL and associated with fluctuating loss of low tones (200 Hz), spreads to other tones

endolymphatic hydrops aka Meniere's Disease