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1

Nourishment Concept

How many features?

15

2

Nourishment Concept requirement for core and shell

must meet 2 preconditions, + 5 optimizations

3

Nourishment Concept requirement for NEI and NEB

must meet 8 preconditions, + 7 optimizations

4

A chemical required for metabolic processes

Nutrient

5

Happens when there is an insufficient nutrient intake

Malnutrition

6

Body requires 6 nutrients. List these.

Proteins
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Water
Vitamins and
Minerals

7

Nutrient needed by body in large amounts

Macro nutrients

8

Examples of macro nutrients

Proteins
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Water

9

Water required intake

Required amount is 2.7 to 3.7 daily

10

An energy providing nutrient made of carbon, hydrogen oxygen and nitrogen assembled in chains of amino acids

Protein

11

Protein is important because?

Required for building muscles, cellular structure

12

Includes sugar, starches, celluloses, and gums

Provides energy source

Carbohydrates

13

Energy providing nutrient made from fatty acids. Includes solid fats and oils

Lipids

14

Where does lipid come from?

From both animal and plant sources and also produced naturally within the human body

15

Saturated fats, solid fat, because solid at room temp

Lipids from animals

16

Unsaturated fats, liquid fat, because liquid at room temp. Unsaturated fats are healthy

Lipids from plants

17

Are unsaturated fats healthy or unhealthy?

Healthy

18

Most important nutrient

Necessary for every processes of the body

Water

19

Nutrient needed by body in small amounts

Include vitamins and minerals

Do not supply energy but play roles in bodily functions

Micronutrients

20

Organic nutrient required in small amounts to help regulate body processes.

Vitamins

21

Inorganic nutrient required in small amounts to help regulate body processes. Calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, etc

Minerals

22

Fuel for body

Food

23

This is what happens when there is an excess adipose tissue (body fat)

Obesity

24

Obesity approx ___% of adults and ___% of children are obese

Approx 35% of adults and 17% of children are obese

25

Calculation based on height and weight to determine body fat

Body Mass Index

26

Body Mass Index Level

Underweight?
Norm weight?
Overweight?
Obse

below 18.5 underweight

18.5 to 24.9 normal weight

25 to 29 overweigh

30 obese

27

A condition that can lead to heart and kidney disease, as well as blindness

Caused by high sodium and overweight

Hypertension

28

Another name for heart disease

Cardiovascular Disease

29

How to prevent heart disease? List 3.

Eat a diet rich in fiber and low in saturated fat to reduce risk

Maintain weight

Physical activity

30

Impacts metabolism due to insufficient insulin production

Type 1 Diabetes