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Flashcards in By The Numbers Deck (43)
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1

Air pollution contributes to _____ premature deaths in US

and ____ worldwide

making it the largest environmental health risk

50,000

7 million

2

A person breathes on average more than ____L of air everyday

15,000L

3

Tobacco causes ____ premature deaths/year in US,


At least ____millions in US are smokers

400,000

42 million

4

A person who is a tobacco smoker has life expectancy that is ___ years less than a non smoker

10 years

5

When cigarettes are smoked, their ___ ingredients form ____ compounds that include at least ___ known carcinogens

600

70000

69

6

The levels of VOC in indoor environment can be ___x higher than outdoor levels

5x

7

US agri and commercial industries use about ___billion bounds of pesticide every year

1 billion

8

Humidity control can be important for indoor space because off gasing of formaldehyde can be ____ higher when relative humidity increased by ___%.

1.8 to 2.6

35%

9

Up to ___% of asthmatic people who live in cities or other urban environments also have reactions to cockroach allergens

60%

10

The affinity for carbon monoxide to bind hemoglobin of RBC is ___x stronger than that of oxygen, meaning it is ___x more likely to be carried through the bloodstream through oxygen

210

11

Carbon monoxide from nonvehicle sources such as fuel burning appliances and engine powered equipment is responsible for an estimated ___deaths per year in US

170

12

Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommends that women consume approx ___L and men ___L per day.

2.7L

3.7L

13

WHO reports ___ people lack access to safe drinking water worldwide and ___ annual deaths can be attributed to unsafe water, sanitation, and hygiene

1 billion

2 million

14

Levels of antimony in 48 brands of bottled water in 11 European countries increase by ___% after _____ months of storage due to antimony leaching from PET bottles with label "1"

90%

6 months

15

In the 1990s, US geological survey detected pesticide compounds in every stream in agri, urban, and mixed used areas, as well as in ____ of the ground water

30 to 60%

16

Sugar accounts for more than ___ calories in person's daily diet, contributing to obesity

500

17

For a quarter of US population, sugar sweetened bevs SSBs account for ___ calories consumed daily

200

18

Using BMI, more than ___ of adults in US are overweight and ____ are obese.

two thirds

more than a third

19

Obesity is global pandemic since more than ___ adults worldwide are considered overweight in 2014, and nearly ___ of those adults were obese.

1.9billion adults

600 million

20

WHO: ____ deaths worldwide are due to insufficient fruit and veggies

2.7 million

21

Recommended limit for sugar intake:

US average consumption:

6 to 9 teaspoons

22 teaspoons

22

Every year, approx ___ people visit emergency rooms,
___ hospitalized

____ die due to allergic reactins

30,000

2,000

150

23

In the US, food borne illnesses account for ___ people getting sick

with ___ hospitalizations and

___ deaths

48 million

128,000 hospitalizations

3000 deaths

24

Institute of Medicine reports that ____ adults in US suffer from chronic sleep or wakefulness disorder

50 to 70 million

25

Ambient light level of ____ is sufficient for most tasks

300 lux

26

It is recommended that healthy adults engage in at least ____ mins of moderate-intensity aerobic activity ___ days per week

and muscle-strengthening activities ___ days per week

30 mins

5 days per week

2 days per week

27

In the US, fewer than

___ of elementary students

___ of adolescents

___ of adults obtain 30 mins of physical activity

50%

10%

5%

28

An average adult obtains only __ mins of moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity a day.

6 to 10 minutes

29

Over ___ of all people worldwide do not get recommended 30 min exercise

60%

30

Physical inactivity is responsible for
__% of heart diseases
__% type 2 diabetes
__% breast and colon cancers

30%

27%

21% to 25%