Flashcards in By The Numbers Deck (43)
Air pollution contributes to _____ premature deaths in US
and ____ worldwide
making it the largest environmental health risk
A person breathes on average more than ____L of air everyday
Tobacco causes ____ premature deaths/year in US,
At least ____millions in US are smokers
A person who is a tobacco smoker has life expectancy that is ___ years less than a non smoker
When cigarettes are smoked, their ___ ingredients form ____ compounds that include at least ___ known carcinogens
The levels of VOC in indoor environment can be ___x higher than outdoor levels
US agri and commercial industries use about ___billion bounds of pesticide every year
Humidity control can be important for indoor space because off gasing of formaldehyde can be ____ higher when relative humidity increased by ___%.
1.8 to 2.6
Up to ___% of asthmatic people who live in cities or other urban environments also have reactions to cockroach allergens
The affinity for carbon monoxide to bind hemoglobin of RBC is ___x stronger than that of oxygen, meaning it is ___x more likely to be carried through the bloodstream through oxygen
Carbon monoxide from nonvehicle sources such as fuel burning appliances and engine powered equipment is responsible for an estimated ___deaths per year in US
Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommends that women consume approx ___L and men ___L per day.
WHO reports ___ people lack access to safe drinking water worldwide and ___ annual deaths can be attributed to unsafe water, sanitation, and hygiene
Levels of antimony in 48 brands of bottled water in 11 European countries increase by ___% after _____ months of storage due to antimony leaching from PET bottles with label "1"
In the 1990s, US geological survey detected pesticide compounds in every stream in agri, urban, and mixed used areas, as well as in ____ of the ground water
30 to 60%
Sugar accounts for more than ___ calories in person's daily diet, contributing to obesity
For a quarter of US population, sugar sweetened bevs SSBs account for ___ calories consumed daily
Using BMI, more than ___ of adults in US are overweight and ____ are obese.
more than a third
Obesity is global pandemic since more than ___ adults worldwide are considered overweight in 2014, and nearly ___ of those adults were obese.
WHO: ____ deaths worldwide are due to insufficient fruit and veggies
Recommended limit for sugar intake:
US average consumption:
6 to 9 teaspoons
Every year, approx ___ people visit emergency rooms,
____ die due to allergic reactins
In the US, food borne illnesses account for ___ people getting sick
with ___ hospitalizations and
Institute of Medicine reports that ____ adults in US suffer from chronic sleep or wakefulness disorder
50 to 70 million
Ambient light level of ____ is sufficient for most tasks
It is recommended that healthy adults engage in at least ____ mins of moderate-intensity aerobic activity ___ days per week
and muscle-strengthening activities ___ days per week
5 days per week
2 days per week
In the US, fewer than
___ of elementary students
___ of adolescents
___ of adults obtain 30 mins of physical activity
An average adult obtains only __ mins of moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity a day.
6 to 10 minutes
Over ___ of all people worldwide do not get recommended 30 min exercise