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Flashcards in Nutrition Deck (68):
1

LDL

Less than 130

2

HDL

More than 50

3

Triglycerides

Less than 150

4

Foods with low sodium

Brown rice, it has less than tomato slices

5

When to take nausea meds

60-90 mins before meal

6

How to decrease nausea

Eat foods at room temp, don't moisten food

7

How can vegans get protein

Peanut butter

8

How much calories come from fat

1 gram of fat= 9 calories

9

How can Mexican food prep improve

Canola oil instead of lard

10

Cholelithiasis diet

Low fat

11

Kosher foods

No shellfish, no pork, CAN eat veggie salad with cheese but no meat with cheese

12

Priority with enteral feeds

Auscultate bowel sounds

13

Lactose free foods

Almond milk, dried beans and peas

14

Ileostomy diet

Eat on schedule

15

When to introduce new solid foods

Every 4-7 days

16

High fiber foods

Bran cereal, shredded wheat cereal

17

After diarrhea and clear liquid diet

White rice. No fiber

18

Intermittent gavage feeds

Give pacifier during feeds

19

What helps with night vision

Vitamin A

20

When can you stop TPN?

When oral diet is 60% of intake

21

Celiac disease diet

Gluten free, simple carbs, tapioca pudding

22

Foods containing gluten

Bran muffin, bread pudding, graham crackers

23

How to assign privileges to anorexic pt

Based on weight gain, rewards based on quantity of calories consumed

24

Somogyi phenomenon

Assess BG levels during night

25

Gastric bypass instructions

Begin each meal with a protein

26

High sodium foods

Roasted ham

27

Low sodium foods

Orange wedges, brown rice, tomato slices, fruit cocktail

28

What helps absorb calcium

Vitamin D

29

Normal weight gain during pregnancy

Normal weight: 25-35 lbs
Overweight: 15-25 lbs
Underweight: 28-40

30

Diverticulitis diet

Limit fiber intake during acute illness

31

Diabetes food portions

1/2 vegetables
1/4 lean meat or protein
1/4 starch and bread
Milk/yogurt and fruit on the side

32

How to feed impaired vision

You CAN feed more than one food at a time

33

Lutein

In kale, spinach, collard, mustard greens
*slows progression of macular degeneration

34

How long will it take to gain 2 lbs by eating an extra 250 calories a day?

4 weeks

35

Low residue diet

Limits the amount of food in intestines.
Whole grains, fruits, seeds, or high fiber foods are BAD.
Egg and cheese omelet with banana is GOOD.

36

Foods with folate

Chicken liver

37

Complete proteins

Soy milk, ground meat, swiss cheese
NOT pinto beans

38

Albumin

Reflects overall body protein status, detects kidney or liver dysfunction.

39

Normal albumin range

3.5-5.0

40

Normal prealbumin range

15-35

41

MAOIs

Avoid foods containing tyramine: aged cheese, bananas, peanuts, avocados, salami
You CAN drink orange juice and blueberries

42

Adequate fiber intake

Relieve/prevent constipation, NOT diarrhea, prevents hyperlipidemia

43

How can a female pt control htn

Eat 4-5 servings of unsalted nuts per week.

44

Beriberi with alcohol abuse

Thiamin deficiency. Eat whole grains, bread for sources of vitamin B.

45

How many cals should pregnant women consume per day?

2000

46

How many cals should lactating women consume per day?

An extra 300-400

47

Prealbumin

Sensitive indicator of nutritional status.

48

Total daily fat intake

20-35% of calories

49

Foods high in zinc

Ground beef patty, nuts

50

How to feed with cleft lip/palate

Upright with nipple to the side of the mouth to prevent formula entering nasal passage

51

Clear liquid diet foods

Coffee, gelatin, hard candy
NOT sherbet

52

Complications of TPN

Hypocalcemia, polyuria

53

Sign of lactose intolerance

Flatulance

54

Signs of delayed healing with colostomy

"All foods taste like cardboard"

55

Colostomy diet

Limit foods that block intestines like popcorn and seeds, but these won't delay healing.

56

When does bone loss begin?

Age 35

57

Osteoporosis risk factors

Caucasian women

58

Stomatitis

Limit oral mucosa irritation, eat scrambled eggs

59

Total cholesterol

Less than 200

60

Choking hazards for toddlers

Peanut butter, hot dogs, grapes
CAN eat peas

61

Foods high in sodium

Dairy

62

Foods to help with HTN

Whole grain pastas

63

How to decrease anorexia in cancer pts

Limit fragrant foods, limit liquids with meals

64

Chronic pancreatitis diet

Snacks high in calories, DON'T restrict carbs,

65

Dumping syndrome

High fat foods are better tolerated than low fat, consume liquids between meals

66

ACE inhibitors

Avoid high-potassium foods

67

High potassium foods

Cantaloupe

68

How to treat constipation

Increase cellulose (fiber), exercise, drink water
Maintaining good posture does NOT help