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Flashcards in Nutrition Deck (32):
1

Vitamin K deficiency

Phylloquinone, phtomenadione, phytonadiane
defective blood clotting also could be created by long term use of antibiotics that destroy gut bacteria and halt synthesis

2

Vitamin K Use

correct bleeding due to vit k deficiency or USED IN WARFARIN OVERDOSE

3

Vitamin A deficiency

night blindness
eye problems
skin lesions lung gi and bone abnormalities
rarely seen except in 3rd world or pancreatic disease

4

Vitamin A Use

used for severe acne vulgaris

5

Vitamin A Adverse Effects

skin, bone, liver, gi problems at doses ocer 30mg
teratogenic category x drug

6

Vitamin D Deficiency

Used to enhance intestinal abs of ca iron mg phosphate and zinek and is activated by sun and enz conversionin the liver and kidney
Rickets in kids
osteomalacia in adults

7

Vitamin D adverse effects

excess destroys rneal tissue
causes muslce spasms
skeletal deformities due to alterations in ca metabolism

8

Vitamin E Deficiency

May be associated with low birth weights or anemia but is rare

9

Vitamin E adverse effects

Increase risk of death (over 400),
inc risk of bruisisg and bleeding (inhibit platelet agg and vitamin k antagonism)
headache (could be from hemm stroke)
diarrhea
fatigue
upper lmit at 1000mg per day

10

Vitamin E uses

Natural antioxidant to reduce cell damage
prophylactic against heart dsease and cancer but may actually inc mortality

used as antioxidant in plastics used in hip and knee rpelacements

11

Vitamin B1 - alternate name

Thiamine

12

Vitamin B1 Deficiency

Beriberi (CNS/cardio)
can occur in alchoholics, renal failure, and ifnants from mothers on rice diets

13

Vitamin B1 Use

used as an adjunct in acuete alc intox to prevent wernicke korsakoff syndrome

14

Vitamin B2 - alt name

Riboflavin

15

Vitamin B2 Deficiency

Essential part of FAD and FMN required for many reactions including synth of b6 and other vitamins
skin mucous membranes hematopeoeisis

16

Vitamin B2 Therapeutic use

none

17

Vitamin B3 Deficiency

Niacin
Pellagra

18

Vitamin B3 Use

vonversion from nad and nadh for use in redox reactions
NIACIN
hyperlipoprotenemia

19

Vitamin B3 Adverse Effects

NIacin
Gi distress flushing and hepatotoxicity

20

Vitamin B5 Alternate name

Pantothenic acid

21

Vitamin B5 deficiency

Serves as the acyl group carrier for acetyl coa which is a primary source of carbons in the synth of fatty acids, cholesterol and acetycholine

neuromusc, endocrine, gi and cns

22

Vitamin B5 use

none

23

Vitamin B6 alternate name

pyridoxine

24

Vitamin B6 deficiency

Rare- may lead to skin lesions, gi dysfunction, convulsions, carpa tunnel syndrome

25

Vitamin B6 use

some drug tratments suggest suppelentation in combination with magnesium (L dopa penicillamine, isoniazid, contraceptives)

26

Vitamin B12 alternate name

Cobalamin

27

Vitamin B12 Deficiency

PERNICIOUS ANEMIA
NEUROLOGICAL SYNDROMES

28

Vitamin B12 use

Pernicious anemia
acute cyanide poisonning
reduce brain atrophy in alzheimers
supplement after gastrectectomy or small intestine disease in strit vegans

29

Vitamin B12 adverse effects/cautions

deficiency should not be treated with folic acid alone

30

Vitamin C deficiency

cofactor in enz rection including collagen synth. serves mainly as antiox
scurvy (seen inelderly alcoholics infants from dficient mothers

31

Vitamin C Use

Exploit antiox properties
use vs common cold
benifit in cancer or heart disease unsure

32

Vitmin C risk

Use for long perioids can cause kidney stones