Nutrition Ch. 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Nutrition Ch. 2 Deck (27)
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1

Simple CHO is

Monosaccharides and disaccharides

2

Starches are

Polysaccharides

3

Classification of CHO refers to

Mono, di and polysaccharides

4

What is glucose

Major form of sugar in the blood
Commonly called blood sugar.

5

What is another name for glucose

Dextrose

6

What is normal glucose level

70-100

7

Blood sugar is the other name for

Glucose

8

Dextrose is another name for

Glucose

9

Where does lactose naturally occur

In milk Commonly referred to as milk sugar

10

When can you not use NutraSweet

If you have a PKU disease

11

What is complex carbohydrates also called

Polysaccharides

12

What is glycogen

Found in liver and muscle tissue

13

What is the storage form of carbohydrates in the body

Glycogen

14

Dietary fiber daily adequate intake for men

31-38 grams

15

Dietary fiber recommended daily adequate intake for women

21-25

16

Dietary fiber intake range should be between

21-38 grams daily

17

Soluble fiber sources

Beans, oatmeal, barley, broccoli and citrus fruits

18

Pie meringue IS/IS NOT a good source of fiber

IS NOT

19

Functions of carbohydrates

Provide fuel
Spare body protein
Help prevent ketosis
Enhance learning and memory procesa

20

NEED TO KNOW

1gm of CHO=4
kcal

21

Acetone and diacetric acid are

Ketone bodies

22

NEED TO KNOW

50 g of CHO each day is usually enough to prevent ketosis

23

Is finding a symptom of ketosis

No

24

How many grams of CHO do we need a day to prevent ketosis

50

25

Does ketosis occur when CHO intake is too low

Yes

26

Acetone and diacetic acid are Ketone bodies that can be measured in urine

Yes

27

One serving or exchange of milk fruit, grain, cereal, bread or starchy vegetable=

15 grams of CHO