Nutrition, ch8 Flashcards Preview

Pathology > Nutrition, ch8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutrition, ch8 Deck (13):
1

Marasmus

a de?ciency of caloriesfrom all sources.

2

Kwashiorkor

form of malnutrition inchildren caused by a diet de?cient in protein alone.

3

Marasmus Symptoms

Shrunken old person: Wasting and increased lipofuscin in visceral organs, weight loss, diminished subcutaneous fat, bulging abdomen, wrinkled face

4

In a patient with Marasmus, what are expected vitals?

Low blood pressure, low pulse, low temperature

5

Maramus leads to what noticible defect?

Growth failure, including the brain leading to intellectual deficits

6

What diet deficiency is most associated with Marasmus?

Protein

7

What symptoms are seen in Kwashiorkor but not seen in Marasmus?

Edema, Hepatomegaly-fatty liver, Dermatoses, Depigmentation of the skin

8

What is a flag indicator of severe protein deficiency?

Red/sandy hair

9

What causes ascites and hepatomegaly in Kwashirokor patients?

Hypoalbumenia

10

what causes abdominal distention in Kwashiorkor?

flaccid abdominal muscles

11

How does the Kwashiorkor patient develop a fatty liver?

form of malnutrition inchildren caused by a diet de?cient in protein alone.

12

What are the effects of squamous metaplasia?

Figure 8-24

13

What vitamin deficiency can lead to squamous metaplasia?

A.