Nutrition-Obesity Flashcards Preview

Hematology > Nutrition-Obesity > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutrition-Obesity Deck (16):
1

Fasted growing cause of preventable illness and death in the US, second to smoking.

Obesity

2

Obesity vs. Overweight

Obesity is specific to being overweight due to excess FAT

3

BMIs that indicate obesity and overweight

Overweight 25-30. Obese I 30-35. Obese II 35-40. Obese III 40+.

4

What populations can BMI be misleading in?

Athletes (overweight but far from obese), short people, older people (lose muscle mass as age) and women

5

Regional fat distribution standards when assessing obesity?

Waist:Hip ratio in men = >1 women >0.85. Waist circumference in men > 40 and > 35 in women

6

High risk groups for obesity

Age 40-60. Women w/multiple pregnancies. African American/Hispanic women. Low SES.

7

What is at the root of the comorbidities that come with obesity?

Endocrine function of adipose tissue is amplified.

8

Military FM physicians attitudes

Tend to be positive towards obese patients, contrary to civilians

9

Causes of obesity

Genetics (resting metabolic rate), gluttony (fast food, soft drinks), lazy (automation and decreased physical activity), psychological (emotional eating, boredom), illness (depression) and drugs (steroids)

10

Why people get fatter as they lose and gain and lose and gain weight

They lose fat and muscle but never gain back the muscle and gain more fat.

11

Why do you gain fat without knowing it?

*

12

How do you treat obesity?

Assess and manage. Teach prevention (pregnancy, activity, nutrition). Set reasonable goals (small behavior changes).

13

Goals for weight loss and weight management

Reduce weight, maintain lower weight, prevent further gain

14

Healthy amount of weight loss

2lb/month, however, behavior change should be your main focus

15

Foods to eat when trying to lose weight

Complex carbs (fruits, veggies, whole grains)

16

When to use surgery or pharmacotherapy for obesity

BMI > 30 w/risk factors for disease.