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DI2201- Final > Nutritional Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutritional Disorders Deck (17)
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1

Causes of osteomalacia

-poor miniralization
-problems woth calcium, phosphorus, vit D (deficiency, malabsorption, renal probs)

2

Clincial features of osteomalacia

-malaise
-generalized muslce weakness, worse proximally
-bone pain on palp

3

Radiographic signs of osteomalacia

-protrusio acetabuli (softening)
-bowing (softening)
- Osteopenia
-loss of cortical def
-psuedo fx

4

Mc locations of loosers lines (4)

Femoral neck
iscial/pubic rami
axillary border of scapuae
ribs

5

What can osteomalacia do to the pelvic inlet

bone softening can cause wierd shaped pelvoc inlet

6

how to dx osteomalacia in lab

Blood test to look at minarlization lvls to confirm dx

7

Tx of osteomalacia

-Adress underlying cause
-rx oral vit d

8

What is rickets and eitology

Child form of osteomalacia
-Vit D deficiency/ malapsorbtion to renal osteodystrophy

9

What are the key radiographic findings of rickets

-frayed cupped metaphysis
-widened growth plate
-pot bowing in weight bearing bones

10

What is rachitic rosary and what is it associated w/

expansion on the ant portion of ribs (chostochondral junction)- rickets

11

Scurvy- eitology and time frame

-Severe an chronic vit c deficiency

4-10 months to develop

12

Early symptoms of scurvy

-lethargy
-malaise
-fever
-loss of appetite
-nausea
-diarrhea

13

Late symptoms of scurvy

-swollen gums prone to bleeding*
-loose teeth
-bulging eyes
-slow wound healing
-swelling due to bleeding

14

Sever complications of scurvy (3)

- stunted growth of premature closure of physes
-anemia
-heart attack

15

Key radiographic findings of scurvy (5)

-Subperiosteal hemorrage
-Trummerfelds zone (below white line of frankel)
-White line of frankel
-Wimbergers ring
-Pelken spurs (over white line of frankel)

16

tx of scurvy

-adress diet
-rx oral vit c
-stop smoking

17

Mc heavy metal poisoning and halmark sign

Lead poising
-Dense metaphyseal bands (deposits in bone)