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Flashcards in OB Final Pt. 2 Deck (78):
1

The abdominal circumference measurement should be taken at the level of

stomach and portal vein

2

Which of the following anatomic structures should routinely be visualized at the BPD level?
a. choroid plexus
b. cerebellum
c. cisterna magna
d. cavum septum pellucidum

Cavum septum pellucidum

3

While scanning a patient in her 34th week, she complains of becoming nauseated, diaphoric and light headed.What action should be taken by the sonographer?

Placing patient in left lateral decubitus position

4

Sonographic findings suspicous for ectopic pregnancy include all of the following except:
a. sac eccentric to endometrial cavity
b. free fluid in posterior cul-de-sac
c. sac within endometrial cavity
d. adnexal ring

Sac eccentric to endometrial cavity

5

Reverberation artifact is responsible for all of the following except:
a. echoes in the anterior amniotic fluid
b. swirling echoes within the amniotic fluid
c. decreased visualization of the cerebral hemisphere closest to the transducer

swirling echoes within the amniotic fluid

6

The BPD measurement is most accurate

from 12 to 33 weeks LMP

7

Which CI is indicative of dolichocephaly?
a. .67
b. .78
c. .80
d. .89

.67

8

The focal mode (transmit zone) should be placed _________ the level of the structure that is being examined

at

9

The first action a sonographer should take when placing the transducer on the maternal abdomen is to determine

presence of fetal cardiac activity

10

Fetal blood passes from the umbilical vein to the portal vein to the inferior vena cava via the:

ductus venosus

11

Fertilization occurs at which site normally?

ampulla of fallopian tube

12

all of the following are true of femur length measurement except;
a. femur furthest from transducer should be measured
b, diaphysis should be measured
c. strong posterior acoustic shadow should be demonstrated
d. FL measurement not affected in asymmetric IUGR

femur furthest from transducer should be measured

13

Fetal lung maturity can be detected via amniocentesis by presence of

phsphatidyl-glycerol

14

a patient with an LMP of october 23, 2008, who became pregnancy this cycle should have and EDC of :

7/30/09

15

The most common location for an encephalocele is

occipital

16

The presence of an asymmetric encephalocele raises suspicion for

Limb body wall complex

17

The best scan plane to demonstrate spina bifidain a fetus is:

transverse

18

Which of the following is least likely to be a sonographic finding in a fetus with trisomy 21?
a. increased nuchal fold
b. endocardial cushion defect
c. shortened femur
d. clenched hands

clenched hands

19

Treatment for an incompetent cervix included the __________ procedures

MacDonald and Shirokdar

20

The placenta is considered thickened when it measures greater than _____ cm AP

5

21

Biophysical profile assessment with ultrasound does not include?
a. fetal breathing
b. fetal tone
c. amniotic fluid assessment
d. gross body movement
e. umbilical cord doppler

Umbilical cord Doppler

22

Which AFI is indicative of oligohydramnios?
a. 4.3cm
b. 9.2cm
c. 16.5cm
d. 25.6cm

4.3cm

23

Painless vaginal bleeding is the hallmark of:

Placenta previa

24

___________ is not a cause of nonimmune hydrops

Rh inoimmunization

25

Skeletal anomalies are suspected when the long bones measure more than _________SD below the mean

2

26

The recipient twin in twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome exhibits:
a. oligohydrops
b. hydrops
c. IUGR
d. anemia

Hydrops

27

Sonographic visualization of a separating membrane is evidence of a ________ gestation

Diamniotic

28

The tricuspid valve inserts ____________ to the mitral valve

Inferior

29

a non-funtioning mass of lung tissue with its own blood supply from the aorta is:

Pulmonary sequestration

30

The most common congenital heart defect is

Ventricular septal defect

31

Oligohydramnios is associated with all of the following except:
a. IUGR
b. preterm
c. fetal demise
d. bilateral renal agenesis

Preterm labor

32

Causes of an increased MS-AFP do not include:
a.placental hemorrhage
b. hydatidaform mole
c. neural tube defect
d. chorioangioma

Hydatidaform mole

33

TORCH infections do not include
a. toxoplasmosis
b. hepatitis
c. cytomegalovirus
d.rubella

Hepatitis

34

While scanning a patient, marginal placenta previa is suspected. The first thing the sonographer should do is:

have the patient void and rescan

35

Lack of sonographic visualization of the cerebral hemispheres and cranium is diagnostic of

Anencephaly

36

While scanning a patient who is 16wks by known menstrual dates, the sonographer notes a large cystic mass at the posterior aspect of the fetal neck. The mass appears to contain septations. The intracranial structures are normal. This finding most likely represents:

Cystic hygroma

37

Sonographic findings in hydrops fetalis do not include fetal

hydronephrosis

38

RhoGam is administered to the mother during pregnancy to prevent

erythroblastosis fetalis

39

All of the following may be seen sonographically in maternal diabetes except:
a. prematurely mature placenta
b. macrosomia
c. placetomegaly
d. cardiac anomalies

Prematurely mature placenta

40

A 24 year old patient is scanned for routine dating of pregnancy. Examination of the fetal head reveals non-fused thalami, presence of the falx cerebri and a fluid filled cranium. The choroid plexi are present. These sonographic findings most likely indicate

Hydrocephalus

41

A 42-year old patient is referred for "large for dates". The amniotic fluid index measures 25.6cm. The stomach is not visualized sonographically in the abdomen. An echogenic mass is identified in the chest with cardiac axis deviation. These findings most likely represent?

Diaphragmatic hernia

42

A patient with a pregnancy history of G3P2012 has had how many term deliveries?

2

43

Fetal bradycardia is less than ___________ beats per minute.

100

44

___________ is a non-lethal long bone dysplasia

Type I osteogenesis imperfecta

45

Factors associated with placental abruption do not include
a. primigravida
b. trauma
c. maternal age
d. maternal hypertension

Primigravida

46

Which of the following would be least likely in which the mother had an abnormal hemoglobin A1C at 10wks of pregnancy?
a. bilateral renal agenesis
b. caudal regression syndrome
c. ventriculoseptal defect
d. placental abruption

Placental abruption

47

The echogenic structure seen normally in the right ventricle is the

Moderator band

48

Which of the following components of the biophysical profile would no be assessed with Ultrasound?
a. amniotic fluid
b. fetal breathing motion
c. fetal heart accelerations
d. fetal tone

fetal heart accelerations

49

Failure of the forebrain to devide results in

Holopronsencephaly

50

If the pre-implantation blastocyst splits during the first week of gestation, it results in a _________ pregnancy

Monochorionic, diamniotic

51

Fetal blood passes from the pulmonary trunk to the aorta via the

Ductus arteiosus

52

Which of the following is not a sign of preeclampsia?
a. elevated blood pressure
b. proteinuria
c. edema
d. abnormal glucose tolerance test

Abnormal glucose tolerance test

53

Premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall is placenta

abruption

54

In an intrauterine pregnancy, a gestational sac should be seen using transvaginal sonography when the serum BgCG level reaches __________ mlu/ml 3IRP

1000

55

The most common fetal thoracic abnormality is

Pleural effusion

56

The S/D ratio in the umbilical artery should not exceed __________ in the 3rd trimester?

3:1

57

Sonographic visualization of the tibia and fibula in the same scanning plane as the metatarsals of the foot is associated with

Clubfoot

58

Fetal cells can be retrieved for Karyotyping by all of the following methods except:
a. amniocentesis
b. CVS
c. umbilical blood sampling
d. FISH

FISH

59

The "quad screen" derives a statistical risk of Trisomy 21 and 18 by using all of the maternal serum values except:
a. alpha feto protein
b. PAPP-A
c. estriol
d. human chorionic gonadotropin
e. inhibin-A

PAPP-A

60

Chorionic maternal hypertension causes which of the following placental changes?
a. immature
b. enlarged
c. prematurely mature
d. accessory lobe

Prematurely mature

61

The effects of maternal infection on the fetus do not include
a. IUGR
b. cardiac anomalies
c. cranial anomalies
d. macrosomia

Macrosomia

62

Fetal skin thickening, called anasarca, is considered when the skin thickness reaches or exceeds ____ cm

0.5

63

hCG is secreted by:

Trophoblast/chorion

64

Pathologic features of Trisomy 18 include all of the following except:
a. single umbilical artery
b. clenched fists with overlapping fingers
c. large choroid plexus cysts
d. thickened nuchal fold

Thickened nuchal folds

65

Asymmetric intrauterine growth restriction is not assocciated with

Maternal infection

66

Sonographic detection of overlapping cranial bones, associated with fetal demise, is called ______________ sign

Spaulding

67

All of the following are sonographic findings in spina bifida except:
a. banana sign
b. lemon sign
c. splaying of posterior elements
d. strawberry cranium
e. double bubble

Strawberry cranium and double bubble

68

False positive sonographic impression of placenta previa can be created by all of the following except:
a. transperineal scanning
b. focal myometrial contraction
c. lower uterine segment myoma
d. overdistended maternal urinary bladder

Transperineal scanning

69

Amnionicity and chorionicity are most easily determined sonographically:

In the first trimester

70

The normally herniated midgut usually returns to the fetal abdomen by ________ weeks

12

71

Which of the following would be least useful to evaluate in a fetus with a suspected skeletal dysplasia?
a. mineralization of spine
b. size and shape of thorax
c. fetal gender
d. hands and feet
e. amniotic fluid index

Fetal gender

72

Which of the following would least likely be associated with thanatophoric dysplasia?
a. cloverleaf skull
b. severe micromelia
c. polyhydramnios
d. bowing of bones secondary to fractures

Bowing of bones secondary to fractures

73

All of the following would could cause a measurement of "large dates" except:
a. multiple gestation
b. IUGR
c. H mole
d. polyhydramnios

IUGR

74

Placental tissue covering the internal cervical os is known as :

Placenta previa

75

A 21 year old primigravida is referred for a sonographic examination for elevatied MS-AFP. The sonographer notes an echogenic mass lateral to the umbilical cord insertion. The mass is not contained within a membrane. This firnding is most likely

Gastroschisis

76

Decreased intraorbital distance is

Hypotelorism

77

A dilated fetal urinary bladder with a "Keyhole" sign in a male fetus is indicative of

Posterior urethral valve obstruction

78

Types of holoprosencephaly do not include:
a. hemilobar
b. semilobar
c. lobar
d. alobar

hemilobar