OB Test 2: Newborn Nutrition Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in OB Test 2: Newborn Nutrition Deck (15)
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0

How much energy does a newborn need?

110 calories/ kg/ day

1

What are necessary nutrients the newborn needs and why?

Carbohydrates
Fat: promote brain growth and energy
Protein
Vitamins and minerals
Fluids: met through breastmilk or formula feeding

2

Why don't we feed a newborn cows milk?

Kidney damage can occur

3

Why do nurses encourage human milk?

Designed specifically for humans
Nutritionally superior to formula
Easily digested
Protects against infections
Bacteriologically safe
Warm and fresh
Free

4

How long should breast milk be fed?

For the first 6 months
Breast feeding or iron fortified formula until 12 months

5

What does breast feeding reduce the incidence of?

Childhood obesity/ diabetes
Allergies/ asthma
RSV and pneumonia
Respiratory / ear infections
Less diarrhea / GI disease
Less meningitis / sepsis
SIDS
Leukemia

6

What are e maternal benefits to breast feeding?

Increase bond and role attainment
Increase uterine Involution due to oxygen release
Increase weight loss
Increase convenience
Saves money
Decrease risk of cancer
Decrease osteoporosis

7

What is the composition of human milk?

White blood cells
Maternal antibodies
Anti-inflammatory agents
Enzymes
Growth factor
90% water

8

What is lactogenesis I?

Colostrum thin and yellow/clear.
Concentrated in nutrients
Has fat
Laxative quality

9

What is lactogenesis II? What two types of milk does it have?

10 days postpartum mature
Foremilk and hind milk

10

What is foremilk?

Behind the areaola ready for baby
Blueish/ white

11

What is hind milk

Up in alveoli waiting
Creamy milk

12

What is the amount of milk?

Gradually increased to meet newborns needs
Need to know babies have growth spurt ranges

13

What does it mean to be UNICEF baby friendly hospital?

Staff are educated and supportive
Breast feed within 30 minutes of birth
Rooming in
Feeding on demand
No formula or pacifiers
Breast feeding support groups

14

What advice do we give to mothers that are beginning to breast feed?

Be patient, persistent, and proud.