Flashcards in OB Test 2: Newborn Nutrition Deck (15)
How much energy does a newborn need?
110 calories/ kg/ day
What are necessary nutrients the newborn needs and why?
Fat: promote brain growth and energy
Vitamins and minerals
Fluids: met through breastmilk or formula feeding
Why don't we feed a newborn cows milk?
Kidney damage can occur
Why do nurses encourage human milk?
Designed specifically for humans
Nutritionally superior to formula
Protects against infections
Warm and fresh
How long should breast milk be fed?
For the first 6 months
Breast feeding or iron fortified formula until 12 months
What does breast feeding reduce the incidence of?
Childhood obesity/ diabetes
RSV and pneumonia
Respiratory / ear infections
Less diarrhea / GI disease
Less meningitis / sepsis
What are e maternal benefits to breast feeding?
Increase bond and role attainment
Increase uterine Involution due to oxygen release
Increase weight loss
Decrease risk of cancer
What is the composition of human milk?
White blood cells
What is lactogenesis I?
Colostrum thin and yellow/clear.
Concentrated in nutrients
What is lactogenesis II? What two types of milk does it have?
10 days postpartum mature
Foremilk and hind milk
What is foremilk?
Behind the areaola ready for baby
What is hind milk
Up in alveoli waiting
What is the amount of milk?
Gradually increased to meet newborns needs
Need to know babies have growth spurt ranges
What does it mean to be UNICEF baby friendly hospital?
Staff are educated and supportive
Breast feed within 30 minutes of birth
Feeding on demand
No formula or pacifiers
Breast feeding support groups