Flashcards in Obstetrics mnemonics-Table 1 Deck (22)
Post-partum examination simplified checklist
Surgical site (for Cesarean section)
Abdominal pain: causes during pregnancy
Abruption of placenta
Rupture (eg. ectopic/ uterus)
Rectus sheath haematoma
Torsion of uterus
what is the most common anemia in pregnant women with associated indices changes?
how do you treat iron def anemia inpregnancy
ferrous sulfate tablet
Preeclampsia: classic triad
Rising blood pressure
What is the most common anemia in pregnant women without major indices changes?
Physiologic or compensated anemia aka. dilutional
Prenatal care questions
Amniotic fluid leakage?
Asherman syndrome features
Secondary to Surgery
Hysterosalpingography confirms diagnosis
Endometrial damage/ Eugonadotropic
Repeated uterine trauma
Normal estrogen and progesterone
investigations ,PRENATAL DIAGNOSIS,timings
CVS and amniocentesis: when performed
"Chorionic" has 9 letters and Chorionic villus sampling performed at 9 weeks gestation.
"AlphaFetoProtein" has 16 letters and it's measured at 16 weeks gestation.
Spontaneous abortion: definition
"Spontaneous abortion" has less than 20 letters [it's exactly 19 letters].
Spontaneous abortion is defined as delivery or loss of products of conception at less than 20 weeks gestation.
recommended folate during pregnancy
.8mg daily or 1mg if past neural tube defect
what are the types of NTD?
Spina bifida, encephalocele, anencephaly
Fetus: cardinal movements of fetus
Don't Forget I Enjoy Really Expensive Equipment":
Parity abbreviations (ie: G 3, P 2012)
"To Peace And Love":
T: of Term pregnancies
P: of Premature births
A: of Abortions (spontaneous or elective)
L: of Live births
· Describes the outcomes of the total number of pregnancies (Gravida).
Alpha-fetoprotein: causes for increased maternal serum AFP during pregnancy
"Increased Maternal Serum Alpha Feto Protein":
Multiple gestation/ Miscalculation of gestational age/ Myeloschisis
Spina bifida cystica
Anencephaly/ Abdominal wall defect
Inherited: chromosomal and genetic disorders
Uterus: placental insufficency
General: maternal malnutrition, smoking
Rubella and other congenital infecton
A - Anaesthesia/Assistance( anaesthetist, colleague,paediatrician) Think and prepare for shoulder dystocia
B- Bladder empty
C- Cervix fully dilated
D- determine position
E- Explain to the patient/ exit plan if it fails, ready for cesarean section
F - Fontanelle ( to check position )
G - Gentle traction
H- Handle elevated for forceps
Halt for vacuum ( no descent with 3 pulls, 3 times pop off )
I - Incision/Episiotomy
J- remove forceps when jaw visible
Indications of cesearian section
I- Induction failure
C- Cephalopelvic disproportion,contracted pelvis
E - Eclampsia
C- Cervical cancer
A- antepartum hemorrhge(Abruptio, placenta previa)
M- medical illness complicating pregnancy
E- Elderly primi
CAUSES:Remeber 4 Ps.
Passenger (large baby)
Passage (Abnormal Pelvis)
Propulsion (uterine contraction)
Proprotion (disproportion Cephalo-pelvic)
Miscarriage: recurrent miscarriage causes
Anatomical anomaly (uterine septum etc.)
Genetic (aneuploidy, balanced translocation etc.)