On field Acute Care and Emergency Procedures Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in On field Acute Care and Emergency Procedures Deck (37)
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1

What are Emergencies?

unexpected occurrences that require immediate attention

2

What is the "Golden Hour"

the first hour after injury. anything done in this hour to prevent swelling/edema/ improve injury is critical to the success of pt.

3

What can a mistake in the initial injury management lead to?

Prolong the length of time required for rehab or cause a life threatening situation to arise.

4

What is the Primary concern in an emergency?

maintaining CV and CNS functioning

5

What is included on an emergency card?

Personal information, medical history, allergies, medications, emergency contact information, home work and cell numbers, consent to treat and/or transport.

6

When calling 911 What are the critical things to relay to the operator?

type of emergency, suspected injury, present condition of pt, assistance being given, location of phone being used, location of emergency, building limitations (behind a locked gate?, doors to gym open? etc.)

7

Who has the final say in the transportation?

EMT

8

What does the on-field assessment do?

Determines the nature of the injury. Divided into primary and secondary survey.

9

Primary Survery

Used to rule out life threatening situations. surveys for airway, breathing, circulation, shock and severe bleeding. Also used to correct these life threatening situation

10

Secondary Survey

Performed after life-threatening condition is ruled out. Gather info about injury, asses vital signs, perform more detailed evaluations of non life-threatening conditions.

11

Primary Survey

Life threatening injuries take precedents

12

Dealing With The Unconscious Patient

Must always be considered to have life threatening condition. check ABCs. assume neck injury. note body position and level of consciousness.

13

Venous Blood

Dark Red

14

Capillary Blood

Exudes from tissue and is reddish

15

Arterial Blood

flows in spurts and is bright red.

16

How to Control External Bleeding

1st - direct pressure
2nd - elevation
3rd- pressure points

17

hypovolemic Shock

decreased blood volume resulting in poor o2 transportation

18

respiratory shock

lungs unable to supply enough o2 to circulating blood

19

Neurogenic

caused by general vessel dilation which does not allow typical 6L of blood to fill system.

20

Cardiogenic

Inability of heart to pump enough blood

21

Psychogenic

Syncope or fainting caused by temporary dilation of blood vessels reducing BF to brain

22

Septic shock

bacterial infection where toxins cause blood vessels to dilate

23

Anaphylactic

result of allergies. #1 seen by ATCs

24

Metabolic Shock

occurs when illness goes untreated or when extensive fluid loss occurs

25

Signs and Symptoms of shock

moist, pale, cold, clammy skin. weak rapid pulse, increasing shallow respiration, decreased blood pressure, urinary retention and fecal incontinence, irritability or excitement, and potentially thirst.

26

Shock Management

Maintain Core Body Temp, elevate feet above head, keep pt calm, limit spectators, do not give anything by mouth.

27

Secondary Survery

Once pt is deemed stable, secondary begins. assessment of vital signs, state of consciousness, respiration, blood pressure, temperature, skin color, pupils, movement, abnormal nerve response

28

ACDU scale for consciousness means?

Alert, confused, drowsy, unresponsive.

29

What is normal respiration?

12 breaths/min adult 20/25 for child

30

what do you suspect when you see Red Skin Color

elevated temp, heat stroke, high blood pressure