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Flashcards in guide Deck (43)
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1

Bleeding athlete, what you need, steps to treat

Items: gloves, sterile gauze, biohazard bag, prewrap, elasticon.

1. you, or athlete apply direct pressure to laceration.
2. Make sure cute is elevated above heart.
3. If needed, use pressure points to stop bleeding from major arteries.
4. Apply pressure when wrapping wound.
5. Have pt. see you at the end of event.
6. Educate about injury.

2

What are the Signs & Symptoms of internal bleeding?

moist, clammy hands, weak rapid pulse, increasing rapid shallow breathing, low blood pressure, incontinence, urinary retention,

3

What are the Types of Joints?

Synarthrodic - no motion (skull)
Amphiarthrodic - slightly moveable (vertebra)
Diarthrotic - freely moveable (everything else)
Synovial joints:
Ball and socket - shldr
Hinge - elbow
Pivot - atlis / axis
Saddle - thumb MP joint
Gliding - carpals / tarsals
Ellipsodial - convex head in concave socket (wrist on radius/ulna)

4

RICE

Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation

5

Who are the Cramer Brothers?

Developed a line of liniments to treat ankle sprains and published THE FIRST AIDER

6

OSHA

Occupational safety and health administration

Set safety standard requirements for employers to follow to ensure employee safety with regards to occupational exposure to blood borne pathogens

7

Universal Precautions

aggressive standardized approach to infection control

8

What do the universal precautions state?

treat all human blood and body fluids as if they contain bloodborne pathogens

9

OSHA Work Environment Materials

Engineering controls
works practice controls
PPE
universal precautions
body substance isolation

10

Grade I Ligament Strain

some pain, minimal loss of function, no abnormal motion, and mild point tenderness

11

Grade II Ligament Strain

pain, moderate loss of function, swelling, instability with tearing and separation of ligament and fibers

12

Grade III Ligament Strain

extremely painful, inevitable loss of function, severe instability and swelling, and may also represent subluxation

13

What is the Primary Survey Used For?

Rule out any life threatening situations
Survery for CAB

14

Secondary Survey?

gather specific info about the injury
assess vital signs
perform detailed eval

15

HEP B

Spread through unprotected sex, sharing needles, needlsticks, or SHARPS

Vaccination results in virtually no risk.

16

HIV

Retrovirus that combines with a host cell. Infects T-cells, b-cells, and macrophages

17

S&S of HIV

Fatigue, weight loss, painful/swollen glands, night sweats, fever, muscle/joint pain

18

AIDS

Most people with HIV develop AIDS. No protection again infections. approximately live 2 years after diagnosed. no cure

19

Palpation

Start away from the injury, palpate the entire limb

20

Salter Harris Classifications

Type I - complete separation of the epiphysis from metaphysis

Type II - separation of the metaphysis and fracture of the epiphysis

Type III - fracture of epiphysis

Type IV - Fracture of epiphysis and metaphysis

Type V - compression of epiphysis an metaphysis

21

Vital Signs

LOC, HR, Movement, BP, Respiration, skin color, body temp, pupils

22

Greenstick Fracture

Child's bone, bend and split & chip

23

Comminuted

Fragments

24

Linear

Parallel

25

Transverse

Perp

26

Oblique

Around - ankle twist but proximal tibia stays still

27

Spiral

ankle goes medial, proximal tibial goes lateral.

28

Impacted

ground force

29

Depressed

Indented

30

Blowout Fracture

Seperation of bone fragment via pull of ligament or tendon