Flashcards in guide Deck (43)
Bleeding athlete, what you need, steps to treat
Items: gloves, sterile gauze, biohazard bag, prewrap, elasticon.
1. you, or athlete apply direct pressure to laceration.
2. Make sure cute is elevated above heart.
3. If needed, use pressure points to stop bleeding from major arteries.
4. Apply pressure when wrapping wound.
5. Have pt. see you at the end of event.
6. Educate about injury.
What are the Signs & Symptoms of internal bleeding?
moist, clammy hands, weak rapid pulse, increasing rapid shallow breathing, low blood pressure, incontinence, urinary retention,
What are the Types of Joints?
Synarthrodic - no motion (skull)
Amphiarthrodic - slightly moveable (vertebra)
Diarthrotic - freely moveable (everything else)
Ball and socket - shldr
Hinge - elbow
Pivot - atlis / axis
Saddle - thumb MP joint
Gliding - carpals / tarsals
Ellipsodial - convex head in concave socket (wrist on radius/ulna)
Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation
Who are the Cramer Brothers?
Developed a line of liniments to treat ankle sprains and published THE FIRST AIDER
Occupational safety and health administration
Set safety standard requirements for employers to follow to ensure employee safety with regards to occupational exposure to blood borne pathogens
aggressive standardized approach to infection control
What do the universal precautions state?
treat all human blood and body fluids as if they contain bloodborne pathogens
OSHA Work Environment Materials
works practice controls
body substance isolation
Grade I Ligament Strain
some pain, minimal loss of function, no abnormal motion, and mild point tenderness
Grade II Ligament Strain
pain, moderate loss of function, swelling, instability with tearing and separation of ligament and fibers
Grade III Ligament Strain
extremely painful, inevitable loss of function, severe instability and swelling, and may also represent subluxation
What is the Primary Survey Used For?
Rule out any life threatening situations
Survery for CAB
gather specific info about the injury
assess vital signs
perform detailed eval
Spread through unprotected sex, sharing needles, needlsticks, or SHARPS
Vaccination results in virtually no risk.
Retrovirus that combines with a host cell. Infects T-cells, b-cells, and macrophages
S&S of HIV
Fatigue, weight loss, painful/swollen glands, night sweats, fever, muscle/joint pain
Most people with HIV develop AIDS. No protection again infections. approximately live 2 years after diagnosed. no cure
Start away from the injury, palpate the entire limb
Salter Harris Classifications
Type I - complete separation of the epiphysis from metaphysis
Type II - separation of the metaphysis and fracture of the epiphysis
Type III - fracture of epiphysis
Type IV - Fracture of epiphysis and metaphysis
Type V - compression of epiphysis an metaphysis
LOC, HR, Movement, BP, Respiration, skin color, body temp, pupils
Child's bone, bend and split & chip
Around - ankle twist but proximal tibia stays still
ankle goes medial, proximal tibial goes lateral.