Flashcards in Oncology Deck (10)
Define cancer and describe the characteristics of a cancerous cell
Neoplasia - uncontrolled cell growth
Anaplasia - poorly differentiated
Loss of contact inhibition
Mutations in the proto-oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes
What are the different types of carcinogen?
Refer to book
What are the differences between a benign and malignant neoplasms?
Primary prevention for cancer?
Secondary prevention for cancer?
How is a malignant tumor staged using the TNM classification?
T - tumor
N - node
M - metastasis
What are the different types of surgery performed for patients with or at risk of cancer?
What are the 2 types of Radiation Therapy in cancer and what are your nursing responsibilities?
What is chemotherapy?
agents used to destroy tumor cells
cell cycle specific or cell cycle non-specific
dose based on TBSA/weight and previous experience
observe proper handling and administration of medication
often given in cycles over several periods to achieve more tumor destruction