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Flashcards in Sensory (Eyes) Deck (11)
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1

What is Glaucoma? What are the types? Symptom? Tests? Treatment?

Condition characterized by increased IOP
Open angle
Close angle
Peripheral vision loss --> central vision loss
Pain
Tonometry

2

What is Cataract? What are the types? Symptoms? Tests? Treatment?

Opacification of the lens
Senile
Congenital
Secondary
Blurring of vision, glare, low vision at night
Ophthalmoscopy, absence of red reflex

3

What is Retinal Detachment? What are the types? Symptom? Tests? Treatment?

Separation of the retina from the surrounding supporting structures
Rhegmatogenous
Exudative
Tractional
Flasehs, floaters, spots, vision loss
Ophthalmoscopy

4

What is Macular Degeneration? What are the types? Symptom? Tests? Treatment?

Deterioration of the macula
Dry/Non-exudative
Wet/Exudative/Neovascular
Central vision loss
Amsler Grid, Ophthalmoscopy

5

What are the management for a patient with conjunctivitis?

medication
reduce spread of infection
handwashing
droplet precaution

6

What is your first-aid treatment for patients with eye injury?

treatment plan

7

What are the different type of refractive errors of the eye?

Myopia
Hyperopia
Astigmatism
Presbyopia

8

When taking care of a patient with visual problems, what guidelines do you need to remember as a nurse and incorporate in your nursing care?

safety, communication, promote independence, etc. - refer to book!

9

How will you assess the eye and check for visual acuity?

inspection, palpation
cranial nerve testing

10

What will be your health teaching for a patient post-eye surgery?

post-op care - specific nursing interventions?

11

What are the most common causes of low vision and blindness among the elderly?

diabetic retinopathy
macular degeneration
retinal detachment
cataract
glaucoma