What is Glaucoma? What are the types? Symptom? Tests? Treatment?
Condition characterized by increased IOP Open angle Close angle Peripheral vision loss --> central vision loss Pain Tonometry
What is Cataract? What are the types? Symptoms? Tests? Treatment?
Opacification of the lens Senile Congenital Secondary Blurring of vision, glare, low vision at night Ophthalmoscopy, absence of red reflex
What is Retinal Detachment? What are the types? Symptom? Tests? Treatment?
Separation of the retina from the surrounding supporting structures Rhegmatogenous Exudative Tractional Flasehs, floaters, spots, vision loss Ophthalmoscopy
What is Macular Degeneration? What are the types? Symptom? Tests? Treatment?
Deterioration of the macula Dry/Non-exudative Wet/Exudative/Neovascular Central vision loss Amsler Grid, Ophthalmoscopy
What are the management for a patient with conjunctivitis?
reduce spread of infection
What is your first-aid treatment for patients with eye injury?
What are the different type of refractive errors of the eye?
When taking care of a patient with visual problems, what guidelines do you need to remember as a nurse and incorporate in your nursing care?
safety, communication, promote independence, etc. - refer to book!
How will you assess the eye and check for visual acuity?
cranial nerve testing
What will be your health teaching for a patient post-eye surgery?
post-op care - specific nursing interventions?
What are the most common causes of low vision and blindness among the elderly?
diabetic retinopathy macular degeneration retinal detachment cataract glaucoma