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Flashcards in Diabetes Mellitus Deck (11)
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1

Differentiate Type 1 from Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

etiology
onset
treatment

2

Identify risk factors and co-morbid conditions for Diabetes and enumerate health teachings to address each

Genetic
Family History
Minority Population
Medications
Lifestyle
Exercise
Diet
HTN
Dyslipidemia
Renal disorders
CVD
Endocrine Disorders

3

What are the signs and symptoms of Diabetes and describe the rationale why they appear?

3 "Ps"
Fatigue
Weight loss
Paresthesia
Blurry vision
Weakness
Poor wound healing
Increase risk for infection

4

Review the different types of oral hypoglycemic agents

Refer to padlet/book

5

What are the different types of insulin and discuss

Rapid acting
Short acting
Intermediate acting
Long acting

Onset/Peak
Examples
How to administer?

6

What specific dietary and lifestyle modifications will you instruct your patient to help manage Diabetes?

Refer to padlet/book

7

What are the laboratory tests that can be done to support a diagnosis of Diabetes?

Fasting blood sugar
Random blood sugar + manifestations of DM
HgbA1C
OGTT
Urine test

8

How do DKA and HHS develop? What are the similarities? How about the differences?

Refer to book

9

What are the common complaints of an individual experiencing diabetic neuropathy?

decrease or loss of sensation
numbness
tingling sensation
'pins and needles'
increased risk for injury

10

What is the management for a patient who has DKA? HHS?

Hydration/Fluid resuscitation and then maintenance
Potassium correction (4-5 mEq/L)
Insulin
Correct other electrolyte imbalances
Monitoring
***For DKA: reversal of acidosis

11

What are your health teachings for a patient with diabetic neuropathy?

control of hyperglycemia
medications
safety
skin/foot care
appropriate footwear