Flashcards in Operating Systems and Utility Programs Deck (84)
Computer systems consist of both ________ and _________.
_________ refers to anything you can physically touch.
Programs to perform a specific task
__________ _______ - operating systems and utility programs to manage computer system resources. Consists of programs to coordinate and control the resources and operations of the computer
Types of systems software
Provide an interface between user and computer. There are many brands and versions and are designed to work with a specific processor chip.
Windows operating systems are designed to work with an ______ chip.
Programs that contain the allocation and usage of hardware resources (4)
CPU time (central processing unit)
Types of Operating systems (3)
Multiprocessing (running more than one instruction at a time)
Functions of Operating Systems (5)
Allocation of system resources
Monitoring system activities
Disk and file management
Types of memory management (3)
Virtual memory management
Types of CPU management (2)
Foreground vs. Background processing
Types of I/O management
Types of memory utilization (2)
_________ a disk, or reorganizing it so the files are stored in contiguous sectors, speeds up data access and thus the performance of the entire computer.
__________ consists of programs that control the operations of a computer and its devices.
__________ is a multitasking operating system available only for computers manufactured by Apple.
__________ is a multitasking operating system developed in the early 1970s by scientists at Bell Laboratories.
__________ is a popular, free, multitasking UNIX-type operating system.
__________ is a scaled-down Windows operating system designed for use on wireless communications devices and smaller computers such as handheld computers, in-vehicle devices, and Web-enabled devices.
__________ is an upgrade to the Windows 98 operating system that has features specifically for the home user.
Windows Millennium Edition
__________ is IBM’s GUI multitasking client operating system that supports networking, the Internet, Java, and speech recognition.
__________ is IBM’s network operating system designed for all sizes of businesses.
OS/2 Warp Server for E-businesses
__________ is privately owned software and is limited to a specific vendor or computer model.
__________ is the process of preparing a disk for reading and writing.
__________ is the process of starting or restarting a computer.
__________ means a computer can recognize a new device and assist in its installation by loading the necessary drivers automatically and checking for conflicts with other devices.
Plug and Play
__________ refers to three early versions of Microsoft Windows: Windows 3.0, Windows 3.1, and Windows 3.11.
__________, a version of UNIX developed by Sun Microsystems, is a network operating system designed specifically for e-commerce applications.