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Flashcards in Operating Systems and Utility Programs Deck (84)
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1

Computer systems consist of both ________ and _________.

hardware, software

2

_________ refers to anything you can physically touch.

Hardware

3

Programs to perform a specific task

Applications software

4

__________ _______ - operating systems and utility programs to manage computer system resources. Consists of programs to coordinate and control the resources and operations of the computer

Systems software

5

Types of systems software

Operating Systems
Utility Programs
Language translators

6

Provide an interface between user and computer. There are many brands and versions and are designed to work with a specific processor chip.

Operating systems

7

Windows operating systems are designed to work with an ______ chip.

Intel

8

Programs that contain the allocation and usage of hardware resources (4)

Memory management
CPU time (central processing unit)
disk space
peripheral devices

9

Types of Operating systems (3)

Single program
Multiprocessing (running more than one instruction at a time)
Multitasking

10

Functions of Operating Systems (5)

Allocation of system resources
Input/Output management
Monitoring system activities
System security
Disk and file management

11

Types of memory management (3)

Buffers
Partitions
Virtual memory management

12

Types of CPU management (2)

Time slicing
Foreground vs. Background processing

13

Types of I/O management

spooling
device drivers

14

Types of memory utilization (2)

Paging
Thrashing

15

_________ a disk, or reorganizing it so the files are stored in contiguous sectors, speeds up data access and thus the performance of the entire computer.

Defragmenting

16

__________ consists of programs that control the operations of a computer and its devices.

System software

17

__________ is a multitasking operating system available only for computers manufactured by Apple.

Mac OS

18

__________ is a multitasking operating system developed in the early 1970s by scientists at Bell Laboratories.

UNIX

19

__________ is a popular, free, multitasking UNIX-type operating system.

Linux

20

__________ is a scaled-down Windows operating system designed for use on wireless communications devices and smaller computers such as handheld computers, in-vehicle devices, and Web-enabled devices.

Windows CE

21

__________ is an upgrade to the Windows 98 operating system that has features specifically for the home user.

Windows Millennium Edition

22

__________ is IBM’s GUI multitasking client operating system that supports networking, the Internet, Java, and speech recognition.

OS/2 Warp

23

__________ is IBM’s network operating system designed for all sizes of businesses.

OS/2 Warp Server for E-businesses

24

__________ is privately owned software and is limited to a specific vendor or computer model.

proprietary software

25

__________ is the process of preparing a disk for reading and writing.

formatting

26

__________ is the process of starting or restarting a computer.

Booting

27

__________ means a computer can recognize a new device and assist in its installation by loading the necessary drivers automatically and checking for conflicts with other devices.

Plug and Play

28

__________ refers to three early versions of Microsoft Windows: Windows 3.0, Windows 3.1, and Windows 3.11.

Windows 3.x

29

__________, a version of UNIX developed by Sun Microsystems, is a network operating system designed specifically for e-commerce applications.

Solaris

30

A process called __________ sends print jobs to a buffer instead of sending them immediately to the printer.

spooling