Ophthalmology Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Ophthalmology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ophthalmology Deck (127)
Loading flashcards...
1

sclera

outer protective layer of the eye; the portion seen on the anterior portion of the eyeball is referred to as the white of eye

2

cornea

transparent anterior part of the sclera, which is anterior to aqueous humor and lies over the iris. It allows the light rays to enter the eye

3

choroid

middle layer of the eye, which in interlaced with many blood vessels that supple nutrient to the eyes

4

iris

the pigmented muscular structure that regulates the amount of ligh entering the eye by controlling the size of the pupil

5

pupil

opening in the center of the iris

6

lens

lies directly behind the pupil; its function is to focus and bend light

7

retina

innermost layer of the eye, which contains the vision receptors

8

aqueous humor

watery liquid found in teh anterior cavity of the eye. It providdes nourishment to nearby structures and maintains shape in the anterior part of the eye

9

vitreous humor

jellylike substance found behind the lens in the posterior cavity of the eye that maintains its shape

10

meibomian glands

oil glands found in the upper and lower edges of th eyelids that help lubricate the eye

11

lacrimal glands and ducts

produce and drain tears

12

optic nerves

carries visual impulses from the retina to the brain

13

conjunctiva

mucous membrane lining the eyelids and covering the anterior portion of the sclera

14

blephar/o

eyelid

15

cor/o, core/o, pupil/o

pupil

16

corne/o, kerat/o

cornea

17

dacry/o, lacrim/o

tear, tear duct

18

ir/o, irid/o

iris

19

ocul/o, ophthalm/o

eye

20

opt/o

vision

21

phac/o, phak/o

lens

22

retin/o

retina

23

scler/o

sclera

24

cry/o

cold

25

dipl/o

two, double

26

is/o

equal

27

phot/o

light

28

ton/o

tension, pressure

29

bi-, bin-

two

30

-opia

vision (condition)