Flashcards in Urinary System Deck (136)
Two bean-shaped organs located on each side of the vertebral column on the posterior wall of the abdominal cavity behind the parietal peritoneum. Their function is to remove waste products from the blodd and to aid in maintaining water and electrolyte balance
urine-producing microscopic structure. Approximately 1 million nephrons are located in each kidney.
glomerulus (pl. glomeruli)
cluster of capillaries at the entrance of the nephron. the process of filtering the blood, thereby forming urine, begins here.
funnel-shaped reservoir that collects the urine and passes it to the kidney
indentation on the medial side of the kindy where the ureter leaves the kidney
two slender tubes, approxiamtely 10 to 13 inches long, that receive the urine from the kidneys and carry it to the posterior portion of the bladder
muscular, hollow organ that temporarily holds the urine. As it fills, the thick, muscular wall becomes thinner, and the organ increases in size.
lowest part of the urinary tract, through which the urine passes from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body.
opening through which the urine passes to the outside
developing cell, germ cell
urine, urinary tract
record, radiographic image