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Flashcards in Oregon Deck (52):
1

Who planted the HillCrest vineyard in 1961?

Richard Sommer

2

In what valley is the HillCrest vineyard located?

Umpqua Valley

3

In what year did David Lett first arrive in Oregon?

1965 - started a nursery @ Corvalis while looking for a permanent vineyard site.

4

Who were the first two people to plant Pinot Noir in the Willamette Valley?

David Lett
Charles Coury

5

Who was the first to plant in the Eola-Amity Hills?

Myron Redford

6

In what year was Eyrie Vineyards established?

1966

7

What bottling from Eyrie Vineyards brought attention to the Willamette Valley in 1979?

1975 South Block Reserve

8

What geographical feature channels maritime winds into McMinnville and the Eola-Amity Hills?

Van Duzer Corridor - a break in the coastal mountain range.

9

When does the Willamette Valley receive the majority of its annual rainfall?

Late autumn, winter.
October-April

10

What primary threat do vine growers face with late-season rains?

Rot during harvest

11

How does southern Oregon differ climactically from the Willamette Valley?

Notably warmer and drier

12

How was the loess found throughout Oregon formed?

Glacial movement created "rock flour" - it's easily windblown

13

Broadly speaking, where would one expect to find the deepest loess deposits?

In sheltered/protected sites

14

Briefly describe the Missoula Floods, and their importance.

Cyclical flooding from Lake Missoula carved the Columbia Gorge and deposited sediment throughout the Columbia and Willamette valleys.

15

What is the primary soil series left/created by the Missoula Floods?

Woodburn

16

True/False: Woodburn soils are most prominently found in low-lying areas and across valley floors.

True

17

What two mountain ranges frame the Willamette Valley?

Coastal range (west)
Cascade Mountains (east)

18

Where are the Klamath Mountains located?

Southern Oregon, east of the coastal range

19

Name the 5 major river systems of Oregon.

Willamette
McKenzie
Snake
Rogue
Umpqua

20

What is the most common aspect for vineyards in the Willamette Valley?

South, southeast facing

21

Describe Willakenzie soils.

Uplifted marine seabeds
Silty clay loam over sandstone and siltstone

22

Wines produced from grapes grown on Willakenzie soils are known for having what chracteristics?

Black fruit! - Black cherry, black currant, blackberry

Density, concentration, richness.

23

Describe Jory soils.

Volcanic soils from Columbia River Basalt
Noted red/russet color

24

Wines from Jory soils often show what characteristics?

Red fruit dominant
Ethereal, light

25

Name one other volcanic soil series found in Oregon that is not Jory.

Nekia

26

True/False: Jory soils can be found all across Oregon.

False. They are found only in western Oregon.

27

Woodburn soils are better suited to 1) viticulture, or 2) mixed agriculture.

2) Mixed agriculture
They are too fertile and productive for quality grape growing.

28

What were the earliest clones of Pinot Noir to be planted in the Willamette Valley?

Wädenswil, Pommard

29

Who isolated the "Dijon" clones of Pinot Noir?

Dr. Raymond Bernard

30

From where did the cuttings of Dijon clone Pinot Noir originate?

Domaine Ponsot

31

Who brought Dijon clones of Pinot Noir and Chardonnay to the United States?

David Adelsheim

32

Why are Dijon clones preferred over others?

Earlier ripening, lower yields

33

How do Wädenswil and Pommard clones compare?

Wädenswil is known for lift, perfume and elegance

Pommard shows more dense fruit, color, and spice

34

How is irrigation most commonly utilized in Oregon?

To help establish new vineyards and offset summer drought.

35

What broad viticultural practices are widely adopted in Oregon?

Biodynamics, organic
Most producers follow, even without official certification

36

When was phylloxera discovered in the Willamette Valley?

1990

37

How does classic Willamette Pinot Noir differ from California and Burgundy?

Lighter, more earth driven than California

More ripe and forward than Burgundy

38

Stylistically, is new oak the norm or the exception for Willamette Pinot Noir?

The exception!

39

What is the required percentage for varietally labelled wines from Oregon? Does this differ from the standards set by the TTB?

90%
Yes, the TTB only requires 75%

40

What is the required percentage for AVA-labelled wines in Oregon? Does this differ from the TTB?

95%
Yes, the TTB only requires 85%

41

Name the sub-AVAs of the Willamette Valley.

Chehalem Mountains
Ribbon Ridge
Yamhill-Carlton District
Dundee Hills
McMinnville
Eola-Amity Hills

42

What is the most important vineyard located in Yamhill-Carlton District?

Shea Vineyard

43

What soil type is prominently found in the Dundee Hills?

Jory

44

Name 3 important vineyards in the Dundee Hills.

Eyrie
Maresh
Abbey Ridge

45

From where do the Eola-Amity Hills get their name?

Aeolus - Keeper of Winds from Greek mythology.

46

Are wines from McMinnville and Eola-Amity more likely to be light and delicate, or dense and concentrated? Why?

Dense and concentrated.
Winds coming through the Van Duzer Corridor are harsh on the grapes, keeping them smaller. Higher skin to juice ratio = deeper color, more tannin, bigger structure.

47

What vineyard in the Eola-Amity Hills has been described as "one of Oregon's finest, most consistent vineyards"?

Seven Springs Vineyard

48

What two soil types comprise most of the vineyards in the Eola-Amity Hills?

Uplifted marine sediments

Volcanic

49

Applegate Valley AVA is wholly located within what larger AVA?

Rogue Valley AVA

50

Elkton Oregon and Red Hill Douglas County are sub-AVAs of what larger region?

Umpqua Valley AVA

51

Name 5 red varietals that adhere to the 75% rule, not the 90% rule for labelling laws in Oregon.

Cabernet Sauvignon
Cabernet Franc
Petite Sirah
Malbec
Grenache

52

Name the 4 white grapes that follow a 75% minimum for varietal labelling in Oregon.

Marsanne
Roussanne
Sauvignon Blanc
Sémillon