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SCT3 Pregnancy > Organ and Systemic Changes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Organ and Systemic Changes Deck (28)
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1

The placenta is an _________ for producing hormones and exchanging nutrients and waste products.

ORGAN

2

The placenta is completely formed by _____ weeks of gestation.

12 WEEKS

3

What attaches from placenta to the baby's naval, providing oxygen and nutrients?

UMBILICAL CORD

4

What is responsible for removing the baby's waste products, before they're filtered out through moms kidneys and lungs?

PLACENTA

5

How much blood volume increases within the cardiovascular system during pregnancy?

45-50%
(2-3 extra lbs of blood)

6

How long does it take postpartum, for blood volume to return to normal?

6 WEEKS

7

_________ enlarges in pregnancy by 12%.

HEART

8

Blood pressure declines in _________ trimester.

SECOND

9

Blood pressure increases in _________ trimester.

THIRD

10

Body temperature __________.

INCREASES

11

What is the darkened face mask of pregnancy called?

CHLOASMA

12

Linea alba darkens to ________ ________.

LINEA NIGRA

13

Skin will stretch due to possible _________ or baby growth.

EDEMA

14

Stretch marks are also known as what?

STRIAE GRAVIDARUM

15

Superficial fascia stretch marks appear _________, while deep stretch marks appear ______________.

SUPERFICIAL - WHITE
DEEP - RED or DARK BROWN

16

Due to progesterone's impact on the lungs, airway resistance is __________.

REDUCED

17

Total lung capacity decreases by _____% at term.

5 %

18

Average weight gain is ____ - ____ lbs, which by the end is carried mostly anteriorly.

20 - 35 lbs

19

Name the 7 muscle groups most affected supporting the weight of the abdomen?

1. ABDOMINALS
2. ILIOPSOAS
3. PARASPINALS
4. SPINAL ERECTORS
5. ADDUCTORS
6. LATERAL HIP ROTATORS
7. PELVIC FLOOR

20

Name the 5 muscles/groups most affected supporting the weight of the breasts?

1. RHOMBOIDS
2. PECTORALS
3. SUBSCAPULARIS
4. SCALENES
5. LEVATOR SCAPULA

21

Joints and ligaments become lax (feel "wobbly") due to which hormone?

RELAXIN

22

What happens to breast tissue and nipples in the first trimester, often signaling the pregnancy?

VERY SENSITIVE
(then enlarge and darken)

23

What is produced in the third trimester, which is the first food for the baby? (milk 3-4 days later)

COLOSTRUM

24

Name the condition named for extreme/severe nausea and vomiting in the first trimester due to hormones?

HYPEREMESIS GRAVIDARUM

25

Hyperemesis gravidarum can lead to hospitalization because of what?

DEHYDRATION

26

Constipation occurs in which two trimesters? Why?

FIRST - HORMONAL CHANGES
THIRD - WEIGHT OF BABY

27

Fluids in the body are increased by ____ %, which the kidneys must filter? (including lymphatics)

50 %

28

Increased urination occurs in which two trimesters? Why?

FIRST - HORMONAL CHANGES
THIRD - WEIGHT OF BABY