Flashcards in Organ and Systemic Changes Deck (28)
The placenta is an _________ for producing hormones and exchanging nutrients and waste products.
The placenta is completely formed by _____ weeks of gestation.
What attaches from placenta to the baby's naval, providing oxygen and nutrients?
What is responsible for removing the baby's waste products, before they're filtered out through moms kidneys and lungs?
How much blood volume increases within the cardiovascular system during pregnancy?
(2-3 extra lbs of blood)
How long does it take postpartum, for blood volume to return to normal?
_________ enlarges in pregnancy by 12%.
Blood pressure declines in _________ trimester.
Blood pressure increases in _________ trimester.
Body temperature __________.
What is the darkened face mask of pregnancy called?
Linea alba darkens to ________ ________.
Skin will stretch due to possible _________ or baby growth.
Stretch marks are also known as what?
Superficial fascia stretch marks appear _________, while deep stretch marks appear ______________.
SUPERFICIAL - WHITE
DEEP - RED or DARK BROWN
Due to progesterone's impact on the lungs, airway resistance is __________.
Total lung capacity decreases by _____% at term.
Average weight gain is ____ - ____ lbs, which by the end is carried mostly anteriorly.
20 - 35 lbs
Name the 7 muscle groups most affected supporting the weight of the abdomen?
4. SPINAL ERECTORS
6. LATERAL HIP ROTATORS
7. PELVIC FLOOR
Name the 5 muscles/groups most affected supporting the weight of the breasts?
5. LEVATOR SCAPULA
Joints and ligaments become lax (feel "wobbly") due to which hormone?
What happens to breast tissue and nipples in the first trimester, often signaling the pregnancy?
(then enlarge and darken)
What is produced in the third trimester, which is the first food for the baby? (milk 3-4 days later)
Name the condition named for extreme/severe nausea and vomiting in the first trimester due to hormones?
Hyperemesis gravidarum can lead to hospitalization because of what?
Constipation occurs in which two trimesters? Why?
FIRST - HORMONAL CHANGES
THIRD - WEIGHT OF BABY
Fluids in the body are increased by ____ %, which the kidneys must filter? (including lymphatics)