Organisations in the Music Industry Flashcards Preview

BTEC Music Unit 1 > Organisations in the Music Industry > Flashcards

Flashcards in Organisations in the Music Industry Deck (37)
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What is a venue?

A place. It could be small or large, inside or outside. Music venues often include pubs, clubs, bars, theatres, arenas and stadiums.


What is a touring production?

A band/artist/show which tours around, playing in a different venue each night


What is a record label?

An organisation which makes and sells songs and develops the artists career


What is a publishing company?

An organisation that collects and distributes royalties to the songwriters and organises licences for anyone who wishes to use the song


What does the PRS do?

They collect money for the songwriter whenever the song is played or performed in public


What does PRS stand for?

Performing Rights Society


What does MCPS stand for?

Mechanical Copyright Protection Society


What does the MCPS do?

They collect money for the songwriter whenever the song is reproduced eg as a CD or downloadable track


What does MU stand for?

Musicians Union


What is Equity?

A union which represents actors and performers


What does BECTU do?

Represent people working in broadcasting, media and entertainment


What does BECTU stand for?

Broadcasting, Entertainment, Cinematograph and Theatre Union


What is a broadcasting company?

A company which communicates information to the public via TV, radio or the internet


What does PPL stand for?

Phonographic Performance Limited


What does PPL Licensing do?

Licenses the right to perform sound recordings & collects royalties for record companies & performers on recordings.
Every time a recording of a song is played or sold, PPL ensures the performer of the song (and their record company) gets paid royalties


What does "Management" do?

1. Works on behalf the artist (or band) to promote their career
2. Runs their business affairs
3. Secure the best financial rewards for their clients so they can concentrate on making music


List the different types of management involved with artists.

Tour manager, Production Manager, Technical Manager, Business Manager, Road Manager.


Purpose of company/agency and what do they do?

They all play a role in the careers of recording artists, record producers, songwriters and musicians


Why are managers important?

A band, musician or artist could not develop without their expertise and contacts (networking).


Advantages and disadvantages for musicians working with management?

A - You can give ideas of what you want to achieve as an artist, and they can use this to guide your career.
D - Sometimes managers can take over and they cost money.


List three things PR (Public Relations) do for the artist.

1. Promote a new release or artist to the media
2. Liaise with labels and the media to get album reviews & profile of the band with interviews
3. Generate as much publicity as possible


List the different types of public relation agencies involved with artists.

Counsellors, PR Officer, Press relations, Publicity, Plugging, Promotion.


Advantages and disadvantages for musicians working with public relations.

A - Good reviews, profile and coverage from experts.
A - PR company logos can carry a lot of extra weight in the Music Industry.
D – Expensive, and often very busy


List three things that Agents do for the artist.

1. Liaise with bands/artist to agree on tour dates and requirements of tour as well as goals (promoting a new album for example)
2. Take care of financial and logistic requirements
3. Contact promoters and venues to pitch the bands and agree on performance dates.
4. Arrange contracts with promoters regarding pay and equipment.


How do unions represent their members?

1. Negotiate contracts on behalf of musicians
2. Tackle issues raised by musicians when there are employment disputes
3. Give advice & support regarding copyright protection or unpaid fees
4. Make sure working conditions are acceptable
5. Advise on tax and self-employment
6. Assist members throughout their careers by networking
7. Lobby government to protect their members’ interests with legislation


Name three major recording company Labels

Universal Music Group
Sony Music Entertainment
Warner Music Group


Advantages of signing to a major label

Money (massive companies, they have a huge financial advantage and big budgets)
Experienced at promotion on a large scale, lots of industry connections
Large size so get the best deals on manufacturing (the more CDs produced, the lower price per unit)
Advertising & links to broadcast media


Disadvantages of signing to a major label

It can be difficult for artists to stand out in such a big pool of artists
Artist unfriendly deals (multi album deals, label gets a higher percentage of money taken)
They are more mass media driven (artists get less say in what they write and perform!)


Examples of Independent "indie" labels

Southern Fried Records (created by Fatboy Slim for House Music)
XL Recordings
Domino Records


Advantages of signing to an "indie" label

They cater to the artist more, and are more interested in and PASSIONATE about their music
More artist-friendly contracts
Close personal relationships (you get to speak to someone on the end of the phone!)