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Flashcards in Orthopedic Deck (24):
1

Fracture definition?

Any break in the continuity of bone or cartilage.

2

How many bones in the human body?

206

3

The BLANK skeleton consists of the skull, hyoid bone, vertebral column, and thoracic cage.

Axial

4

The BLANK skeleton consists of the upper and lower extremities and the girdles, by which the extremities are attached to the body.

Appendicular

5

How many mL of blood can be trapped in a tibia or fibular fracture?

500

6

How many mL of blood can be trapped in a thigh?

1000

7

How many mL of blood can be trapped in a pelvic fracture?

2000

8

The head of long bones in children is separated from the shaft of the bone by the BLANK until the bone stops growing,

Epiphyseal Plate

9

Torus definition?

Permanent bending or deformity of an extremity.

10

Sprain definition?

Partial tearing of a ligament. It is caused by sudden twisting or stretching of a joint beyond its normal range of motion.

11

Which degree sprain has no joint instability. This is because only a few fibers of the ligament are torn. Swelling and hemorrhage.

First degree

12

Which degree sprain causes more disruption than a first degree injury. Joint usually still intact but swelling and bruising are increased.

Second degree

13

Which degree sprain where the ligaments are completely torn?

Third degree

14

Strain definition?

Injury to the muscle or its tendons from overexertion or overextension.

15

Luxation definition?

Complete dislocation of a joint.

16

Subluxation definition?

Incomplete dislocation of a joint.

17

What do you call a break in which a protruding bone or penetrating object causes a soft tissue injury?

Open fracture

18

What do you call a break in the bone that has not yet penetrated the soft tissue or skin?

Closed fracture

19

What do you call a fracture that involves several breaks in the bone, resulting in multiple bone fragments?

Comminuted fracture

20

What do you call a break in which the bone is bent but only broken on the outside of the bend (common in children)?

Greenstick fracture

21

What do you call a break caused by a twisting motion?

Spiral fracture

22

What do you call a break at a slanting angle across a bone?

Oblique fracture

23

What do you call a break that occurs at right angles to the long axis of the bone?

Transverse fracture

24

What are the six P's?

Pain or tenderness
Pallor (pale skin or poor capillary refill)
Paresthesia (pins and needles sensation)
Pulse (diminished of absent)
Paralysis (inability to move)
Pressure