Flashcards in pH Deck (10):
Bodies natural pH level is?
7.35 - 7.45
Acids are produced by the body through normal metabolism The two types of acids are?
Carbon dioxide through respiratory acids and metabolic acids
Bodies main regulators of acid-base balance?
Lungs and kidneys
Potential for hydrogen
pH less than 7 is defined as what?
Acidic meaning has more hydrogen ions
pH greater than 7 is defined as what?
Alkaline or basic has less hydrogen ions
What are the three buffer systems the body uses to help maintain pH?
Carbonic acid-bicarbonate buffering system.
Protein buffering system.
Renal buffering system.
BLANK is caused by the retention of carbon dioxide. This leads to an increase in the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (Pc02). Treatment should be to improve ventilation.
BLANK results from a buildup of acid or a loss of base. When excessive acid is produced by the body, the acid spills into the extracellular fluid. Respiratory system will increase rate and depth of breathing to reduce carbon dioxide levels.