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Flashcards in Osteoporosis Deck (14)
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1

How many people over 75 are osteoporotic

1/3 women

2

Osteoporosis definition

2.5 standard deviations below the mean of a young adult reference pool (so -2.5)

3

Dexa scan is done of what area

Back and hip are mc and best areas to assess

4

What does a dexa scan measure

Bone mineral density

5

What are some preventable risk factors for osteoporosis

Eating, exercise, alcohol use, smoking, steroid use

6

Non-preventable risks for osteoporosis

Hysterectomy, fair skinned, female, small boned, European

7

What type of exercise is needed for osteoporotic patients

Weight bearing axial loading

Stair climbing, walking, step aerobics, Zumba

8

Level of calcium needed

1200-1500 mg/day

9

Level of vitamin d need

800+ iu/day

10

Who are calcium thieves

Phosphorus, caffeine, alcohol, smoking, oxalic acids

11

How to prevent falls

Home safety checklist

12

gold standard to measure bone density

DEXA scan

13

Most easiest form of calcium to digest

calcium citrate

14

What form of caclium needs acidic gastric environment?

calcium carbonate