final- Aging Spine/ fall prevention Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in final- Aging Spine/ fall prevention Deck (22)
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1

who is at risk for falls

vision problems
weak muscles
poor flexibility
fallen before
blood sugar/pressure issues

2

what are the ABCDEFGH of fall prevention

A: add leg strength
B: build better balance
C: create flexibility
D: drug review
E: encourage
F: fluids
G: get tested
H: home safety checklist

3

add leg strength

quadriceps
get up n move
cochrane review supports multi-component exercise

4

build better balance

one legged stand
tai chi
practice

5

create flexibility

alphabet on floor with toe
barefoot is best

6

drug review

change meds that cause falls

7

encourage

encourage patients to do 1 of ABC's this week

8

fluids

drink plenty of water

9

get tested

blood sugar
blood pressure
heart rate

10

home safety checklist

especially patients with low vision

11

What does the spine consist of age 0-4

nucleus pulposus present

12

What does the spine consist of age 9-14

less nucleus, bilateral clefts form in annulus at jts of luska

13

What does the spine consist of age 20-35

clefts enlarge and dissect disc towards midline

14

What does the spine consist of age >60

disc is dry
no nucleus
ligament like
decrease ROM
more rigidity

15

t/f degenerative changes as seen on x-ray are a fairly good indicator of the patients pain and/or functional status

FALSE

16

kirkaldy-willis defintion of dysfunction

subluxation or poor biomechanics may produce a focal swelling, pain, muscle splinting

17

kirkaldy-willis definition of instability

trauma or prolonged dysfunction leads to aberrant motion, inability to hold the adjustment, fatigue

18

what should you use xrays for

educate patients on improving biomechanics
not to explain pain

19

what should we educate our patients on that science supports

chiro care decreases pain
quit smoking
moderation in activities and diet

20

goals of dysfunction

to prevent progression to chronic pain or long standing aberrant motion

21

goals of instability

prevent long standing aberrant motion and chronic pain:stabilize joints

22

goals of stabilization

to retain strength, flexibility, and ROM