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Flashcards in OTC Deck (466)
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1

Cold & Flu Referral

Asthma, Cough a lot, Earache, Chest Pain, Old people, Delirium, Illness, Fever, Young

2

Cold & Flu Referral

Asthma, Cough a lot, Earache, Chest Pain, Old people, Delirium, Illness, Fever, Young

3

Flu Symptoms

>38degrees
Either cough/sore throat/nasal congestion/rhinorrhoea
AND either headach/malaise/myalgia/sweat/chills/prostration

4

Management of Cold Under 6

Non of the following: decongestant, antihistamine, expectorant, cough suppressant
Nasal drops

5

Management of Cold Over 6

1. Decongestants
2. Antihistamines
3. Zinc (lozenges)
4. Echinacea
5. Vitamin C
6. Cough remedies
7. Analgesics
8. Inhalants (eucalyptus,steam)
9. Nasal Drops/Sprays

6

Management of Cold Over 6

1. Decongestants
2. Antihistamines
3. Zinc (lozenges)
4. Echinacea
5. Vitamin C
6. Cough remedies
7. Analgesics
8. Inhalants (eucalyptus,steam)
9. Nasal Drops/Sprays

7

Cold Symptoms

1. Rhinorrhea leading to congestion
2. Sneeze
3. Cough
4. Headache (around eyes)
5. Sore throat
6. Earache
7. Sinusitis (worse lying down)

8

Antihistamines Interact with

Alcohol, Hypnotics, Sedatives, Anxiolytics, Betahistine, Anticholinergics (eg tricyclics, trihexyphenidyl)

9

Antihistamine side effects

Drowsiness, Constipation, Blurred Vision, Dry mouth, Urinary Retention

10

Decongestants Cautioned in

Diabetes, Heart Disease, Hypertension, Hyperthyroidism

11

Antihistamines cautioned in

Closed-Angle Glaucoma (generally avoid), Prostatic Obstruction, Epilepsy, Liver disease

12

Sputum colour in chest infection

Green/Yellow/Rusty

13

Antihistamines Interact with

Alcohol, Hypnotics, Sedatives, Betahistine, Anticholinergics (eg tricyclics, trihexyphenidyl)

14

Antihistamine side effects

Drowsiness, Constipation, Blurred Vision

15

Decongestants side effects

Increased stimulation, Increased BP, Increase Blood Glucose, Heart stimulation problems in hyperthyroidism

16

Whooping cough symptoms

Begins with catarrh
Whoop on breathing in

17

Sputum colour in chesty cough

Green/Yellow/Rusty

18

Clear/White sputum indicates

Uninfected

19

TB symptoms

Chronic cough with blood
Chronic fever
Night sweats

20

Other symptoms with normal cough

Muscle ache, cold, sore throat, catarrh

21

Whooping cough symptoms

Whoop on breathing in
Catarrh

22

Hear Failure symptoms

Pink/Clear/Frothy sputum
SOB
Oedema
History

23

Refer cough in

SOB, Wheezing, Asthma, Blood, Sputum, Whoop, ADR, Two weeks not better, Chest pain, Croup

24

Cause of dry/tickly cough

viral

25

Normal cough other symptoms

Muscle ache, cold, sore throat, catarrh

26

Management of cough

1. Suppressants: unproductive
2. Expectorants: productive
3. Antihistamines
4. Sympathomimetics
5. POM: Theophylline

27

Why ask about past medication in cough?

ACEI cause chronic dry cough. Dr can change to Angiotensin-2 receptors

28

Give examples of expectorants & their details

Guafenesin (Benilyn) 100-200mg

29

Give examples of antihistamines used to treat cough

Diphenyhydramine & Promethazine at night

30

Side effects of Theophylline

Palpitations, Headache, Insomnia, GI irritation, Nausea