Other Flashcards Preview

Government and Politics Unit 1 > Other > Flashcards

Flashcards in Other Deck (20)
Loading flashcards...

What are the three features of UK political culture ?

Homogeneity, consensus, deference


What two types of participation are there ?

Non-electoral and Electoral


What is Hapathy ?

The idea that voters abstain from voting as a result of happiness with the way in which they're governed.


What was the turnout in 2001 General election ?



European Parliament election of 2009



What is the main conclusion of the POWER inquiry 2006 ?

Recent years have witnessed a move away from traditional forms of participation, such as voting and party membership, towards membership of mainstream pressure groups and involvement in protest movements, consumer campaigns and direct action.


If voting was compulsory, to address the participation crisis there is a risk of donkey voting. What can we do to improve it.

Using a preferential voting.


Pluralist Democracy

A system of government that encourages participation and allows free and fair competition between competing interests.


How has Britain become more democratic

House of Lords Act 1999 92/759
Freedom of Information act (2000) - allows public to hold parliament/government to account - Expenses scandal
Human Rights act (1998) - enhance liberal democracy
Constitutional Reform act (2005) - separation of powers


How has Britain not become more democratic

Low Turnout in 2001-2010
Significant reforms to the House of Commons have failed to materialise
Erosion of Civil liberties since 7/7 9/11


Democratic Audit 2012

Turnout 60 % / 79%
Party membership 1% / 9%
Women MPs 22% / 41%


Ways to enhance Democracy.

Embracing E-Democracy
Hampshire Local Council in 2007 used online voting only 18% used it.
Greater use of Citizens' juries and Citizens' assemblies


What is E-Democracy

The greater use of ICT, mobile phones and the internet to enhance the existing political institutions and process, encouraging greater participation.


What is a Citizen's jury/Assembly

- A panel of citizens that hear evidence and deliver their verdict on a government proposal or a specific policy area. This is greatly used in the USA and Germany.
- they involve more people, are given more power to decide upon a particular action which can subsequently be put to a public vote.


In 1983 what share of the vote did the SDP-Lib alliance win + what is it a feature of ?

FPTP -two party system
SDP-Liberal alliance won 25% of the vote but only 23 seats


How did FPTP exaggerate performance in 2001 general election ?

Share of Vote/Seats
Con 31.7%-166
Lab 40.7%-413


What is the average turnout and size in Lab/Con constituencies

Labour constituency size 3,800 lower than Con
- Differential turnout 61% Labour 68% in Con


What percentage of the vote did Labour win in 2001 and Con won in 1992 + how does this show FPTP is bias to labour

Labour won a 167-seat majority in 2001 (40.7%)

Conservatives won a 21-seat majority in 1992 (41.8%)


According to the Sunday Times/You Gov poll, how many people think Ed Miliband is not fit to be PM ?



What did the electoral system of 2005 find out ?

29% that were 'satisfied with Democarcy' didn't vote
whereas 59% who were 'dissatisfied with Democracy' did vote