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0

What are the three features of UK political culture ?

Homogeneity, consensus, deference

1

What two types of participation are there ?

Non-electoral and Electoral

2

What is Hapathy ?

The idea that voters abstain from voting as a result of happiness with the way in which they're governed.

3

What was the turnout in 2001 General election ?

59.4%

4

European Parliament election of 2009

34.5%

5

What is the main conclusion of the POWER inquiry 2006 ?

Recent years have witnessed a move away from traditional forms of participation, such as voting and party membership, towards membership of mainstream pressure groups and involvement in protest movements, consumer campaigns and direct action.

6

If voting was compulsory, to address the participation crisis there is a risk of donkey voting. What can we do to improve it.

Using a preferential voting.

7

Pluralist Democracy

A system of government that encourages participation and allows free and fair competition between competing interests.

8

How has Britain become more democratic

House of Lords Act 1999 92/759
Freedom of Information act (2000) - allows public to hold parliament/government to account - Expenses scandal
Human Rights act (1998) - enhance liberal democracy
Constitutional Reform act (2005) - separation of powers

9

How has Britain not become more democratic

FPTP
Low Turnout in 2001-2010
Significant reforms to the House of Commons have failed to materialise
Erosion of Civil liberties since 7/7 9/11

10

Democratic Audit 2012

Turnout 60 % / 79%
Party membership 1% / 9%
Women MPs 22% / 41%

11

Ways to enhance Democracy.

Embracing E-Democracy
Hampshire Local Council in 2007 used online voting only 18% used it.
Greater use of Citizens' juries and Citizens' assemblies

12

What is E-Democracy

The greater use of ICT, mobile phones and the internet to enhance the existing political institutions and process, encouraging greater participation.

13

What is a Citizen's jury/Assembly

- A panel of citizens that hear evidence and deliver their verdict on a government proposal or a specific policy area. This is greatly used in the USA and Germany.
- they involve more people, are given more power to decide upon a particular action which can subsequently be put to a public vote.

14

In 1983 what share of the vote did the SDP-Lib alliance win + what is it a feature of ?

FPTP -two party system
SDP-Liberal alliance won 25% of the vote but only 23 seats

15

How did FPTP exaggerate performance in 2001 general election ?

Share of Vote/Seats
Con 31.7%-166
Lab 40.7%-413

16

What is the average turnout and size in Lab/Con constituencies


Labour constituency size 3,800 lower than Con
- Differential turnout 61% Labour 68% in Con

17

What percentage of the vote did Labour win in 2001 and Con won in 1992 + how does this show FPTP is bias to labour


Labour won a 167-seat majority in 2001 (40.7%)

Conservatives won a 21-seat majority in 1992 (41.8%)

18

According to the Sunday Times/You Gov poll, how many people think Ed Miliband is not fit to be PM ?

56%

19

What did the electoral system of 2005 find out ?

29% that were 'satisfied with Democarcy' didn't vote
whereas 59% who were 'dissatisfied with Democracy' did vote