Flashcards in Other Deck (50):
What are the stages of General Adaptation Syndrome (ADS)?
What happens during the alarm stage of ADS?
threat message is delivered to the hypothalamus, which sends signal to the pituitary, which sends signal to the adrenal glands
What are the short term effects of stress?
- release of cortisol and corticosteroids
- fluid retention
- increase serum glucose
- decrease inflammation
What are the long-term effects of stress?
- immune system is compromised
neg draining energy that results in anxiety, depression, confusions.....?
a positive beneficial energy that motivates and results in feelings of happiness and positive feelings, can deplete resources if sustained?
the idea that deep relaxation can occur when muscle contractions are almost completely eliminated?
Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR)
the goal is to change the individuals' perceptions of stress through cognitive restructuring?
example of ___________ includes recasting irrational beliefs and replacing them with more positive statements?
- recurrent unexpected panic attacks
- sudden onset with intense apprehension and fear
- lasts minutes then subside
intense excessive anxiety and fear about being in places or situations from which escape might be difficult?
thoughts, impulses or images that persist and recur, they cannot be dismissed from the mind?
ritualistic behaviors that an individual feels driven to perform in an attempt to reduce anxiety
occurs three days to one month after a traumatic exposure?
Acute Stress Disorder
Venlafaxine (Effexor) mechanism of action?
SSRI's list of drugs?
- fluoxetine (prozac)
- paroxetine (paxil)
- setraline (zoloft)
- citalopram (celexa)
- escitalopram (lexapro)
- fluoxetine brand name
- paroxetine brand name
- setraline brand name
- citalopram brand name
- escitalopram brand name
- well tolerated in elderly
- mild anticholinergic effects
If SSRI's are d/c abruptly, this could occur?
1st line tx of depression?
benzodiazepine mechanism of action?
binds to GABA receptors to slow electrical activity in the brain
- diazepam (valium)
- clonazepam (klonopin)
- alprazolam (xanax)
- diazepam brand name?
- clonazepam brand name?
- alprazolam brand name?
Tyramine rich foods should be restricted in patients taking which meds and why?
- blocks monoamine oxidase, which breaks down excess tyramine in the body
- emotional conflicts and stressors are dealt with by meeting the demands of others
- the person receives gratification either vicariously or fro the response of others
an unconscious process of substituting constructive and socially acceptable activity for strong impulses that are not acceptable in their original form? Changing a negative into a positive.
transforming anxiety on an unconscious level into a physical symptom that has no organic cause, the symptoms function as an attention getter or as an excuse?
the inability to integrate the positive and negative qualities of oneself or others into a cohesive image?
the conscious denial of a disturbing situation or feeling
escaping unpleasant realities by ignoring their existence?
attributing to oneself the characteristics of another person or group?
Transfer of emotion associated with a particular person, object, or situation to another person, object, or situation that is non-threatening.
ex: mad at boss so kicks his dog
attributing ones own unacceptable thoughts, feelings and motives to another person.
ex: hating someone, but saying/believing that they hate you
The unconscious exclusion of unpleasant or unwanted experiences, emotions, or ideas from conscious awareness
Unacceptable feelings or behaviors are kept out of awareness by developing the opposite behavior or emotion.
Reaction Formation or Overcompensation
Makes up for an act or communication.
undoing, more common in children
Consists of justifying illogical or unreasonable ideas, action, or feelings by developing acceptable explanations that satisfy the teller as well as the listener.
Splitting off the threatening event from awareness until she/he could begin to deal with her/his feelings of devastation.
Occurs when emotional conflicts or stressors are dealt with by attributing negative qualities to self or others
Emotional conflicts or stressors are dealt with by attributing exaggerated positive qualities to others.
Is reverting to an earlier, more primitive and childlike pattern of behavior that may or may not previously exhibited.
Is used to make up for perceived deficiencies and cover up shortcomings related to these deficiencies to protect the conscious mind from recognizing them.