Other Flashcards Preview

Mental Health (6005) #2 > Other > Flashcards

Flashcards in Other Deck (50):
1

What are the stages of General Adaptation Syndrome (ADS)?

1) alarm
2) resistance
3) exhaustion

2

What happens during the alarm stage of ADS?

threat message is delivered to the hypothalamus, which sends signal to the pituitary, which sends signal to the adrenal glands

3

What are the short term effects of stress?

- release of cortisol and corticosteroids
- fluid retention
- increase serum glucose
- decrease inflammation

4

What are the long-term effects of stress?

- immune system is compromised
- obesity
- depression
- HTN
- osteoporosis

5

neg draining energy that results in anxiety, depression, confusions.....?

distress

6

a positive beneficial energy that motivates and results in feelings of happiness and positive feelings, can deplete resources if sustained?

eustress

7

the idea that deep relaxation can occur when muscle contractions are almost completely eliminated?

Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR)

8

the goal is to change the individuals' perceptions of stress through cognitive restructuring?

cognitive reframing

9

example of ___________ includes recasting irrational beliefs and replacing them with more positive statements?

cognitive reframing

10

characterized by
- recurrent unexpected panic attacks
- sudden onset with intense apprehension and fear
- lasts minutes then subside

Panic Disorder

11

intense excessive anxiety and fear about being in places or situations from which escape might be difficult?

agoraphobia

12

thoughts, impulses or images that persist and recur, they cannot be dismissed from the mind?

obsessions

13

ritualistic behaviors that an individual feels driven to perform in an attempt to reduce anxiety

Compulsions

14

occurs three days to one month after a traumatic exposure?

Acute Stress Disorder

15

Venlafaxine (Effexor) mechanism of action?

SNRI

16

SSRI's list of drugs?

- fluoxetine (prozac)
- paroxetine (paxil)
- setraline (zoloft)
- citalopram (celexa)
- escitalopram (lexapro)

17

- fluoxetine brand name

prozac

18

- paroxetine brand name

paxil

19

- setraline brand name

zoloft

20

- citalopram brand name

celexa

21

- escitalopram brand name

Lexapro

22

SSRI onset?

2-5 wks

23

SSRI A/E's?

- well tolerated in elderly
- anxiety
- mild anticholinergic effects
- insomnia

24

If SSRI's are d/c abruptly, this could occur?

serotonin syndrome

25

1st line tx of depression?

SSRI's

26

benzodiazepine mechanism of action?

binds to GABA receptors to slow electrical activity in the brain

27

benzo meds?

- diazepam (valium)
- clonazepam (klonopin)
- alprazolam (xanax)

28

- diazepam brand name?

valium

29

- clonazepam brand name?

klonopin

30

- alprazolam brand name?

Xanax

31

Tyramine rich foods should be restricted in patients taking which meds and why?

- MOAIs
- blocks monoamine oxidase, which breaks down excess tyramine in the body

32

- emotional conflicts and stressors are dealt with by meeting the demands of others
- the person receives gratification either vicariously or fro the response of others

Altruism

33

an unconscious process of substituting constructive and socially acceptable activity for strong impulses that are not acceptable in their original form? Changing a negative into a positive.

sublimation

34

transforming anxiety on an unconscious level into a physical symptom that has no organic cause, the symptoms function as an attention getter or as an excuse?

Conversion

35

the inability to integrate the positive and negative qualities of oneself or others into a cohesive image?

splitting

36

the conscious denial of a disturbing situation or feeling

suppression

37

escaping unpleasant realities by ignoring their existence?

denial

38

attributing to oneself the characteristics of another person or group?

identification

39

Transfer of emotion associated with a particular person, object, or situation to another person, object, or situation that is non-threatening.
ex: mad at boss so kicks his dog

displacement

40

attributing ones own unacceptable thoughts, feelings and motives to another person.
ex: hating someone, but saying/believing that they hate you

projection

41

The unconscious exclusion of unpleasant or unwanted experiences, emotions, or ideas from conscious awareness

regression

42

Unacceptable feelings or behaviors are kept out of awareness by developing the opposite behavior or emotion.

Reaction Formation or Overcompensation

43

Makes up for an act or communication.

undoing, more common in children

44

Consists of justifying illogical or unreasonable ideas, action, or feelings by developing acceptable explanations that satisfy the teller as well as the listener.

Rationalization

45

Splitting off the threatening event from awareness until she/he could begin to deal with her/his feelings of devastation.

dissociation

46

Occurs when emotional conflicts or stressors are dealt with by attributing negative qualities to self or others

devaluation

47

Emotional conflicts or stressors are dealt with by attributing exaggerated positive qualities to others.

idealization

48

Is reverting to an earlier, more primitive and childlike pattern of behavior that may or may not previously exhibited.

regression

49

Is used to make up for perceived deficiencies and cover up shortcomings related to these deficiencies to protect the conscious mind from recognizing them.

compensation

50

Is a process in which events are analyzed based on remote, cold facts and without passion rather than incorporating feeling and emotion into the processing.

intellectualization