Other Crimes Against Persons Flashcards
Examines other crimes against people including: - Assault & battery - Rape - Statutory rape - Kidnapping
Elements of criminal battery
- Application of force;
- To another person;
- That causes bodily harm OR constitutes offensive touching
What is the mens rea for battery?
Since battery is a general intent crime, the mens rea is intent to cause harmful contact or offensive touching, not intent to cause a harmful result.
⚠️ Note: In most states and under the MPC, the mens rea can be satisfied if D acted recklessly or in a grossly negligent manner.
What circumstances elevate a misdemeanor battery to an aggravated battery?
- Causes serious bodily injury;
- Uses a deadly weapon; or
- Has intent to kill or intent to rape
What are the common defenses to battery?
- Valid consent;
- Self-defense or defense of others; or
- Necessity (battery was necessary to prevent a crime)
- Unsuccessful attempt to commit battery (“attempted-battery assault”); or
- Placing another in apprehension of immediate harm (“apprehension assault”)
When does V have reasonable apprehension of imminent harm?
When V reasonably anticipates that D’s act(s) will result in immediate bodily harm or offensive contact (subjective standard)
Differentiate between battery and assault
Battery: bodily harm or offensive touching
Assault: attempted battery or act that places V in fear of immediate harm (no touching required)
Do verbal threats alone constitute assault?
No. Words must be in conjunction with an overt threatening act or gesture to constitute assault.
What circumstances elevate assault to aggravated felony assault?
If assault is committed with:
- A dangerous weapon;
- Intent to rape or kill; or
- V is specially protected by statute
common law mayhem
Crime that disfigures or permanently disables V.
⚠️ Equivalent to modern aggravated battery
Elements of false imprisonment
- Confinement of V;
- Without V’s consent
Elements of kidnapping
- Confinement of V;
- Against V’s will; and
- V is either moved or hidden
How far does D need to move V to satisfy the movement element (asportation) of kidnapping?
Very little. In some states, even moving V a few feet qualifies as asportation.
Is kidnapping a general intent crime or specific intent crime?
General intent crime → only need intent to commit the act.
Elements of common law rape
- Sexual intercourse (requires penetration, however minimal);
- With a female;
- Without consent; and
- With force or threat of force
⚠️ Note: Most modern statutes have abandoned the gender requirement and some have abandoned the force requirement.