# P3 - Using Physics Flashcards

What is the moment of a force?

A measure of the turning effect of a force on an object.

How is the moment of a force calculated?

force x perpendicular distance from the line of action of the force to the pivot

Give two ways in which the moment of a force can be increased.

- Increase the force

- Increase the perpendicular distance

What is the centre of mass of an object?

The point where its mass is concentrated.

Where is the centre of mass of an object that is suspended from a fixed point?

The centre of mass is directly beneath the point of suspension.

Where is the centre of mass of a symmetrical object?

Along the axis of symmetry.

What is the relationship between the moments of the forces acting on an object that isn’t turning?

The sum of anticlockwise moments = The sum of clockwise moments (ie. W1d1 = W2d2)

How is the weight of the first object calculated with moments?

W1 = W2d2 / d1

Give three ways in which an object can be made more stable.

- Increasing the width of the base.
- Making the centre of mass lower.
- Bolting the object to the floor.

What will make a body topple over when tilted?

If the line of action of its weight is outside its base.

What are the moments of the forces when an object topples over?

The resultant moment about the point of turning is not zero.

What is pressure?

Force divided by the area which the force acts on.

What is the unit of pressure?

The Pascal, Pa. (1 N/m2)

What happens to the pressure in a fluid?

The pressure acts equally in all directions.

How does a hydraulic pressure system work?

- Hydraulic fluid into the upper or lower part of a chamber to make the piston move in or out of the cylinder.
- The force exerted is transmitted to other parts of the system.